After doing various exercises to analyse the plot, characters and themes, you can introduce the student to writing all of this up in an exposition (essay) form.
What is a theme?
A theme is an idea or topic expanded in a discourse or discussion. It is a unifying idea, image or motif.
A theme is an idea that authors discuss in and through a text. They are generally moral issues or philosophical concepts.
Teacher: link this to the themes identified through your novel study.
Choose 2 themes in your novel. Find 1-2 examples in your novel which demonstrate those themes.
What is an exposition?
The purpose of an exposition is to put forward a point of view or argument eg. essay, letter to editor. It uses logical, rather than temporary (time) sequencing.
Thesis (10 lines)
- Position: what is your point of view
- Preview: what are you going to talk about
Arguments (4 paragraphs)
- Point: what is your argument
- Elaboration: explain and support your argument
Reinforcement (of thesis)
- Generalisations are used eg. Many people…
- Present tense is used
- Linking words are used eg. Furthermore, firstly, perhaps, however
- Doing, being, feeling and thinking verbs are used
- Examples of structures that can be used in the exposition genre when elaborating points:
- This can be seen when…
- This is emphasised when Sally…
- An example of…
- The incident when…reveals…
- It is apparent…
- The incident reinforces the idea that…
- In addition…
- Another idea developed by the author is…
Body Paragraph Scaffold
- Topic sentence
- Elaborate (2-3 sentences)
- Give evidence – either paraphrase or quote
- Analyse your evidence – this suggests/highlights/shows/demonstrates etc
- Concluding sentence – links both to your topic sentence and to your introduction.
Below is a simple exposition on smoking in restaurants.
Place the paragraphs in the correct order.
- Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to the smoker and should not be allowed in any restaurant.
- Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects all people and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food and not be put off by foul-smelling smoke.
- Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smoker. Cigarettes cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in restaurants.
- Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smoker.
- Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurants is the harm it can do to others. Passive smoking, that is, breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.
Label the THESIS and REITERATION of this exposition.
Underline the POINT (or ARGUMENT) of each paragraph.
Highlight or colour the elaboration of each paragraph.
Teacher: Prepare a model exposition based on your student’s novel and clearly label the structure outlined above (thesis, argument – point and elaboration, reinforcement). In the model exposition, have 2 arguments but only write out in full the first argument (as a complete example of a body paragraph). For the second argument, only write the point and leave the elaboration for your student to complete.
For the 2nd paragraph in the model exposition, write out an elaboration of the point provided. Afterwards label