Inaugural Address by John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy

This is an new speech to the new Standard Module A: Experience Through Language – Distinctive Voices.

Speaker

  • John F. Kennedy was 35th President of the US from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.
  • He is the only Catholic President in US history. His Roman Catholicism caused fears in the public that his decision making would be affected by his religion.
  • His speech talks about the need for American citizens to take action, for the nations of the world to join together, and for internationalisation.

Context

  • Inaugural address – a speech given by the president which tells the public about the president’s intentions as a leader
  • Delivered after Kennedy took his presidential oath.
  • Draws heavily from Lincoln’s Gettysburg speech.
  • Concerns at the time included: communism in Cuba and Vietnam, the African American civil rights movement, the Space Race.

Techniques by Paragraph

I’ll simply go paragraph by paragraph. The paragraphs are as they are on the PDF of English Prescriptions: Standard Speeches on the BOS website.

I won’t do your analysis for you, but here is a general guideline:

  1. Identify where the listed techniques are in the speech.
  2. Explain their effect/purpose.

Para 2:

  • Inclusive pronouns
  • Antithesis
  • Parallelism (repeating sentence structure)
  • Pauses (dashes)
  • Biblical reference

Para 3:

  • Allusion to post WW2
  • Repetition
  • Antithesis

Para 4:

  • Alliteration
  • Metaphor
  • Long sentence

Para 5:

  • Emotive language
  • Parallelism and accumulation

Para 6:

  • Anastrophe – rearranged sentence structure
  • Short sharp sentence

Para 7:

  • Antithesis

Para 8:

  • Diction of “pledge”
  • Metaphor

Para 9:

  • Alliteration
  • Antithesis

Para 10:

  • Direct addresses
  • Conduplicato – repetition in sentence/phrase eg. “good” and “free”
  • Metaphors

Para 11:

  • Conduplicato

Para 12:

  • Emotive language

Para 13:

  • Parallelism

Para 14:

  • Repetition
  • Dramatic language

Para 15:

  • Inversion (chiasmus)

Para 16:

  • Repetition (para 16 – 19)

Para 17:

  • Conduplicato

Para 18:

  • Antithesis
  • Emotive language

Para 19:

  • Biblical quotation

Para 20

  • Metaphor

Para 21

  • Repetition
  • Short sentence

Para 23

  • Metaphor
  • Dramatic language
  • Biblical quotation
  • Listing

Para 24

  • Alliteration
  • Rhetorical question

Para 25

  • Metaphor

Para 26 – 27

  • Repetition
  • Inversion (antimetabole)

Para 28

  • Biblical references

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