Past HSC and Practice Questions for Advanced Module C: History and Memory

Here’s a quick list of some questions for History and Memory. I haven’t had time to do an analysis on it yet.

Past HSC Questions:


‘All representations are acts of manipulation.’

To what extent does your study of history and memory support this statement? In your response, make detailed reference to your prescribed text and ONE other related text of your own choosing.


Analyse how the representation of past events and recollections leads us to a greater awareness of the complexity of human attitudes and behaviour.

In your response, make detailed reference to your prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of your own choosing.


Explore how [core text] and ONE other related text of your own choosing represent history and memory in unique and evocative ways.


To what extent has textual form shaped your understanding of history and memory?


Analyse the ways history and memory generate compelling and unexpected insights.


Compare how the texts you have studied emphasise the complexities evident in the interplay of history and memory.


How have the texts studied in this elective challenged your ways of thinking about ‘History and Memory’?


Texts in this elective offer perspectives on the significance of history and memory in human experiences.

Were you persuaded to embrace these perspectives?


‘At the heart of representation are acts of deliberate selection and emphasis.’

Do the texts you have studied demonstrate this in relation to ‘History and Memory’?


You are the keynote speaker at a conference for young writers and directors.

The title of your presentation is: Visions and Versions of History and Memory.

In your presentation, explore how and for what purpose composers create their particular visions and versions.


Imagine you are a journalist. You have been asked to contribute an article to an educational supplement for HSC students about the ways texts represent History and Memory.

Your headline is History is Not a Single Story.


How has your understanding of events, personalities or situations been shaped by their representations in the texts you have studied?


You have created an exhibition of texts entitled: ‘History: Whose Story Is It?’

The exhibition includes your prescribed text and other related texts of your own choosing.

Write your speech for the opening night of the exhibition. In your speech, explain how the exhibition reflects your view of the representations of history and memory.

Questions used by school etc:

  1. You are speaking to an audience of your peers. Compose a speech in which you demonstrate how your understanding of the interplay between history and memory is shaped by the construction of the texts.  (2009 CSSA Trial)
  2. In contrast to documented evidence, personal history or memory inevitably reflects a one-sided or biased view of history. Evaluate the extent to which the representation of events or situations in the texts you have studied reflects this view. (2009 Independent Trial)
  3. Can individual memory play a role of any value in our attempts to improve our understanding of the past? In your answer refer to the understanding of History and Memory you have gained from your prescribed text and at least TWO related texts of your own choosing. (ETA 2009 Trial)
  4. Without a record of personal experience, much valuable history is lost and all we have left is a cold, lifeless, one-dimensional view of the past. To what extent has your study of the elective History and Memory supported this statement. Discuss. (ETA 2009 Trial)
  5. History is constantly being reshaped by new representations of the past. To what extent has this idea been demonstrated by your study of [core text and related]? (ETA 2009 Trial)
  6. History and memory is the lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience – Edward Gibbon. Explore this proposition in relation to [your texts].
  7. It is not possible to hold a mirror to what we seek to represent. Representation will always modify thereby shaping meaning and influencing responses. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
  8. You are a speaker at a conference for writers and directors which is exploring the relationships between representation and meaning. You have been asked to discuss the extent to which documentary evidence is more useful than personal history.
  9. History is a myth that we are sometimes persuaded to believe. To what extent do the texts you have studied in this module support or challenge this idea? IN your response, make detailed reference to your prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of your own choosing. (Abbotsleigh 2010 Trial)
  10. You have been asked to take part in a debate on the topic: “that the personal dimension memory provides can only enrich history“. Write a speech that you could use to argue FOR or AGAINST this statement. In your speech, support your argument with close reference to how ideas have been represented in your prescribed text and at least TWO other related texts of your own choosing. (Baulkham Hills 2010 Trial)
  11. How have the texts you have studied in this elective enhanced your understanding of the complexities of history and memory? Refer to your prescribed text and TWO texts of your own choosing. (James Ruse 2010 Trial)
  12. The impact of history is enhanced by its interaction with memory. You have been asked to present a view on this statement to an audience of HSC students. Write a transcript of the speech you would give. In your response, you must make detailed reference to your prescribed text and at least TWO other texts of your own choosing. (St Ignatius Riverview 2010 Trial)

24 comments for “Past HSC and Practice Questions for Advanced Module C: History and Memory

  1. DD
    October 22, 2009 at 10:13 pm

    how do you answer the 2003 question?

    • tutortales
      October 23, 2009 at 10:34 pm

      Do you mean in terms of format (article as educational supplement) or the ideas (relating it to “History is Not a Single Story”)?


  2. jess
    May 2, 2010 at 3:07 pm

    how does True History of the Kelly gang relate to history and memory. particularly in parcel 6??

    • tutortales
      May 16, 2010 at 12:36 pm

      Hi jess

      Sorry, but I haven’t tutored True History of the Kelly Gang before, so I can’t answer that.


  3. Christina
    July 4, 2010 at 1:31 pm

    Hi, thank you so much for compiling these questions, it’s been a great help. I have actually just started my elective “History and Memory” on the film “The Queen” and since it’s such a new text, I am having a really hard time trying to find information on it. I was wondering if you could offer a few pointers..? Even if you haven’t tutored “The Queen” before maybe just a few general pointers on how to approach this elective? Thank you so much =)

  4. Tony
    July 16, 2010 at 10:26 pm

    Hey tutortales
    i’m doing the elective ‘History and Memory’ for Mod C
    i was wondering if you could please set a template for Mod C

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 10:36 pm

      Sorry, I haven’t really tutored H&M yet, so I don’t think I have experience yet to put up a template.


  5. alex
    August 7, 2010 at 1:16 pm

    i was just wondering, is it okay to use prescribed texts set by the Board as your own supplementary texts? I’m just looking for a poem as a supp. for History and Memory, but i dont have the time to look for one independently, and had the idea of the prescribed text list. is this okay?

    • tutortales
      August 7, 2010 at 5:56 pm

      No, you shouldn’t do that. Using a prescribed text as a supplementary (even a prescribed text from the previous HSC modules) is looked down upon by teachers and markers.


      • alex
        August 8, 2010 at 4:09 pm

        cool. thank you 🙂

  6. Eliza
    October 16, 2010 at 5:01 pm

    Hi TT

    i’d just like to ask, do you think they will ask for a specific text?

    eg for Justice game would they ask for diana in the dock?

    thanks =)

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 8:44 pm

      Hey Eliza, that’s highly unlikely – so don’t stress about it. TT

  7. Eliza
    October 17, 2010 at 8:59 am

    ok thanks TT =)

    would that apply to module B as well?

    • tutortales
      October 17, 2010 at 7:16 pm

      Yep. TT

  8. nat
    February 2, 2011 at 5:39 pm

    hi i was just wondering if you could some suggest some related texts for this module? thanks 🙂

  9. Kathy
    February 18, 2011 at 10:19 pm

    Hi, an important part of this module seems to be representation. What does this mean regarding the module? And also, any egs?

    • tutortales
      February 22, 2011 at 6:05 pm

      Representation is how something (an event, a person, a situation) is portrayed by the composer. For example, Caesar’s assassination is an event, and Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is a representation of that event. TT

  10. jez
    May 11, 2011 at 3:09 pm

    how would you relate the fiftieth gate to “history is constantly being reshaped by new respresentations of the past”?
    thanks 🙂

  11. Alexandra R
    July 13, 2011 at 5:08 pm

    Hi there,

    I am wondering, I am doing “The Falling Man” as my second related text for History and memory, but I am unsure of what to analyse in terms of languages, form’s and features for a documentary, how different is is to a normal film?

  12. Silvan
    October 5, 2011 at 9:32 am

    Is the ” diary of a young girl” by Anne frank a good related ?

  13. R
    October 13, 2011 at 9:35 am

    @ Silvan
    Yes it is a good text, but heaps of people will also be using it.

  14. Nayomi
    October 15, 2011 at 1:11 pm

    Hi TT,
    Thanks for posting all the questions up. You’ve been really helpful 🙂
    Just a quick question.. For the 2009 HSC Question, i’m not quite sure what they mean by “…generates compelling and unexpected insights.” Do they want us to show how together these two concepts provide a much more better/effective insight into an event etc rather than just relying on either history or memory???

    • Jess
      October 16, 2011 at 9:41 pm

      My interpretation is that It links back to the syllabus when it talks about representation. So just think in terms of how has the author given me a new insight into an event, personality, situation that i didn’t have before i read the text. Then talk about representation of history and memory in the texts and how it has generated compelling and unexpected insights. its a bit of a crap question really, but its relates.

  15. A
    October 14, 2012 at 1:59 pm

    Hi, thanks so much for all your articles!
    Just wondering if you can analyse the questions before Paper 2 on Wednesday. It will help me greatly!

    thanks so much!!

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