FAQ: Unpacking Advanced Module C: Conflicting Perspectives


Credit: http://www.sxc.hu/profile/svilen001

With the 2009 changes to the HSC English syllabus, I’m finding the Module B and Module C the hardest to tutor out of the 3 Advanced Modules. Module A is easy, because it is basically the same and, in fact, easier, because it no longer focuses on “Into the Wild”, which sometimes stumped students.

At first I thought Module C: Conflicting Perspectives would be easy. I mean, isn’t it just replacing the word “Truth” with “Conflicting Perspectives”?

Apparently not.

As such, I had a good look and think about what this Module means and how to best explain it to my students.

Here’s an FAQ that you might helpful:

What do we write about besides the obvious, which is that “conflicting perspectives always exist”?

Someone asked this question on the BOS forums and it is a very good one. It is essentially asking – what ideas can you have based around “conflicting perspectives”? I mean, in Blade Runner/Frankenstein, you can have ideas about the act of creation, the nature of humanity, creation/creator, curiosity…there’s just so much to talk about!

But what can you say about “conflicting perspectives”?

The key is not to oversimply the concept. Unpack the idea by asking WHY and HOW questions.

  1. What does “perspective” mean?
  2. Why do conflicting perspectives always exist?
  3. How do they arise? In other words, how is it that two people viewing the same event can have such different views?
  4. How do composers represent a particular perspective (or different perspectives) to achieve a certain purpose?
  5. How can perspectives be manipulated so that one prevails?
  6. Is your perspective shaped by the perspectives of others?

Your answers to these questions can form the basis or beginning of your ideas about “conflicting perspectives”.

Do we need related texts?

Yes – you should have 2 related texts of different text types to each other and your prescribed text.

For example, if your prescribed text is Wag the Dog, which is a film – you should not choose another film. You should choose a newspaper article, or a cartoon, or a poem etc.

Importantly, these related texts do NOT have to relate directly to the event, personality, situation in your core text.

For example, if your prescribed text is Julius Caesar you are NOT restricted to other texts about Julius Caesar. You CAN choose say a film about Julius Caesar, or you can find an article about 911.

What does the syllabus require?

This is what the syllabus says about Module C:

This module requires students to explore various representations of events, personalities or situations. They evaluate how medium of production, textual form, perspective and choice of language influence meaning. The study develops students’ understanding of the relationships between representation and meaning.

Okay, firstly – to clarify – this does not mean that the structure of your essay is separated into paragraphs about events, personalities, situations. The syllabus does not dictate how your essay is to be structured.

I have read the syllabus to mean that this is what you should have done in your study of this Module, as a preliminary exercise before you write your essay.

So after you finish reading the text, it is a good idea to:

  1. Identify the events, personalities and situations represented in your texts.
    1. For example, an event is Michael X’s trial or Caesar’s assassination; a personality is Princess Diana or Caesar; a situation is basically a “theme” ie. in Julius Caesar it is politics and democracy.
  2. Identify the conflicting perspectives about each of the above.
  3. Analyse how these conflicting perspectives have been represented by the composer.

An excellent example is HSC Online’s part on Julius Caesar. It provides a clear example of how to view your text through the requirements of the syllabus!

The second part of the syllabus recognise how the following influence meaning:

  1. Medium of production: for example, is it a play or film?
  2. Textual form: is it a drama or non fiction? How does The Justice Game being “non fiction” influence the meaning conveyed to the audience?
  3. Perspective: what perspective does the composer/audience take and how is this shaped by their context?
  4. Choice of language: techniques.

So you need to mention or refer to these things (eg. medium, textual form, context) in SOME part of your essay. It does not need to be a major part – you simply need to show that you have thought about and are aware of how the above influence meaning. Number 4 is the most obvious and will make the bulk of your essay.

How do I structure my essay?

Different students may adopt different approaches, but this is how I have recommended my students do:

  1. Introduction
  2. Idea 1 about conflicting perspectives.
    1. Discuss prescribed text in relation to Idea 1
    2. Discuss 1st related text in relation to Idea 1
  3. Idea 2 about conflicting perspectives.
    1. Discuss prescribed text in relation to Idea 2
    2. Discuss 2nd related text in relation to Idea 2
  4. Conclusion

I do not recommend structuring it text by text (this often results in an disjointed argument that fails to link texts in a fluid way).

You should not structure it by an event, personality and situation either. As stated above, identifying the events, personalities and situations represented in the text should only be a preliminary exercise.

What is the biggest mistake I could make?

Writing an essay about WHAT the different perspectives are.

For example, if you were writing about Michael X – do NOT write about the different perspectives about the death penalty etc. If you’re writing about Diana at the Docks, do NOT write about Princess Diana and the issue of privacy.

Your essay should be about….conflicting perspectives and all the ideas discussed in the 1st question above.

What is the hardest thing about this Module?

This is REALLY important to grasp. In this Module, you examine both:

  1. The content of the text – what the text says about conflicting perspectives.
  2. The construction of the text – how the text is a “perspective” in itself.

Let me reiterate – the ideas about conflicting perspectives that the composers express ALSO apply to the composers themselves.

For example, Robertson in The Justice Game comments on how emotional subjectivity affects an objective perspective. This is the CONTENT of the text.

Yet at the same time, we can see in his writing that HIS own emotional subjectivity (strong feelings against the death penalty) affects the objectivity of The Justice Game. This is the CONSTRUCTION of the text.

Essay questions may ask you to discuss BOTH. Otherwise they may direct you to look at more at the 2nd – how do the composers of your texts use techniques to create their “perspective” of the event, personality, or situation.

Any other questions?

253 comments for “FAQ: Unpacking Advanced Module C: Conflicting Perspectives

  1. August 21, 2009 at 5:54 am

    I found Module B the hardest with Module A and C the easiest, probably because of the help of my own tutor.

    It seems really obvious but it took me close to two years of assessments to finally understand how to write essays. A few years ago, I would have written about what are the different perspectives in the texts only… I’ve been taught the general structure of essays for a long time but didn’t understand it until now I guess. I only got the hang of thesis statements this year…

    • mishmashmosh
      August 22, 2009 at 12:40 am

      Me too. Mod A was by far the easiest, Mod C was easy to understand, but I found Mod B the most challenging. I don’t have a tutor, thus spend hours sifting through the notes given to me by my teacher. TT, thank you HEAPS for posting English related stuff. 🙂 I super appreciate it!

      • tutortales
        August 24, 2009 at 10:29 pm

        No problem – just glad they’re turning out useful!

        I find Module B the most challenging, because the syllabus is rather ambiguous and the rubric changes were confusing. I’m still not quite sure how it is different to the pre-2009 Module B…


      • August 24, 2009 at 10:36 pm

        From the way I see it, Module B is different in pre 2009 Module B in that less empathisis on different readings and more on your own thoughts.

  2. Leah
    August 24, 2009 at 2:58 pm

    Module A makes me want to cry, we doing comparing richard III with looking for richard if anyone has any notes please email me lcosta_2420@hotmail.com =)

  3. kevin lai
    September 1, 2009 at 5:26 pm

    HI, thanks for posting this

  4. Andrew Barry
    September 24, 2009 at 8:50 pm

    I’m having trouble deciding on related texts for The Justice Game – any suggestions on good films or song lyrics?


    • tutortales
      September 28, 2009 at 10:07 am

      In terms of recent films, District 9 would be very good. Other film options could be The Reader (about the Holocaust), The Queen (about the Queen and Princess Diana’s death), Fahrenheit 9/11, and Hoodwinked (animated film).

      Good luck!


      • scarlethorizons
        July 8, 2010 at 10:16 am

        could you expand a little on how district 9 would work?

        • tutortales
          July 11, 2010 at 8:40 pm

          My memory’s a bit hazy since I watched film a while ago….but you can analyse District 9 in terms of how human society’s perspective of the aliens and the Wikus (what they purport happened to him) is constructed to portray humanity and the government in a good light etc. This is juxtaposed against the perspective that Wikus and the audience uncovers. And the film itself deals with themes of xenophobia and the apartheid – to portray a particular perspective/social criticism. It also involves some interesting film techniques in that it uses a mockumentary style, footage and interviews.


  5. September 25, 2009 at 8:44 pm

    Hey thanks for all your posts, I’ve found them all really useful.
    Do you happen to have a section on History and Memory by any chance?
    Maybe its just me going blind after all this intense study but I can’t find it on your blog…

    Thanks again

    • tutortales
      September 27, 2009 at 5:57 pm

      Sorry, no – I haven’t tutored History and Memory yet, so I don’t have any materials on it, besides the Catholic Trial 2009 question. I can post that up if you want.


      • zoe
        May 24, 2010 at 2:21 pm

        I can’t seem to find any materials to tutor History and Memory! Have you come across anything? (other than the 50th gate that is!)

        Thanks for posting the past hsc questions though 🙂

        • tutortales
          May 24, 2010 at 8:58 pm

          Hey Zoe

          No, I haven’t tutored H&M, yet besides reading a student’s essay a few weeks before the 2009 HSC. But there’s a lot more resources now on BOS: http://boredofstudies.org/view.php?course=6 So check it out for some examples of what the essays should sound like and be structured like. Gdluck!


  6. MissBee
    September 28, 2009 at 1:02 am

    Hi, I’m a little confused with this module..sorry.
    You said that the biggest mistake a student could do is “Write an essay about WHAT the different perspectives are”

    But sometimes “different” perspectives can be “conflicting” in that they say two different things…. I’m doing September 11, and i have supp texts that have different/conflicting perspective to that of the wesbite… will it be better if i didnt focus on the perspectives? Sorry, I’m just confused with this module.

    • tutortales
      September 28, 2009 at 11:41 am

      What I mean is that the essay shouldn’t be about WHAT the different perspectives on an issue are. So for example, you shouldn’t write “In ___ text, the composer is opposed to the death penalty, because _____. This perspective is illustrated by the use of ______. However, there is another conflicting perspective to the issue of the death penalty in _____.” So, the essay should NOT be about picking a topical issue (eg. death penalty) and discussing the different perspectives on the issue (for/against) – that’s an essay for say, Legal Studies.

      The essay should be about discussing WHY conflicting perspectives exist and HOW composers represent their perspectives. For example, “Conflicting perspectives exist due to the inevitable subjectivity of composers. In _____, the composer’s subjective opinion on the death penalty is clearly illustrated through _____. The composer manipulates the audience to adopt his perspective by________”.

      It is fine if your prescribed and related texts are about the same issue (Sept 11), and you identify the different perspectives. But the majority of your analysis should be about how the composers represent their perspective.

      Hope that clarifies things.


  7. jie
    September 29, 2009 at 6:04 pm

    Hello, thank you for helping out
    but i have a question for mod. C and i was wondering how to go about it
    “the idea of conflicting perspectives that the compoer of the text present an even handed and unbiase attitude to the events, personalities or situations”

    w8 for you reply Thank YOUS

    • tutortales
      October 5, 2009 at 6:14 pm

      You should consider whether the statement is true of your texts – do they offer an even handed/unbiased representation of the event/personality/situation?

      The “correct” (easier) answer is obviously no – because all representations are merely the composer’s perspective (and thus skewed by their values/context) and composers often manipulate their representations for their own purpose.


  8. jie
    October 6, 2009 at 9:49 pm

    ok thank Yous, how would i intergrate conflicting perspectives into it
    “conflicting perspec.” makes it evenhanded because we see two different views of a situation and the audience are able to choose their own interpe. so im alittle lost
    shakespeare Julius caesar
    sorrys – thanks for your help

    • tutortales
      October 6, 2009 at 10:06 pm

      You can talk about how composers use conflicting perspectives to achieve their purpose – showing 2 views doesn’t necessarily make it even-handed. It can create the appearance that you’re being evenhanded or be used to contrast/juxtapose certain things.


  9. Leana
    October 7, 2009 at 11:42 am

    You’re amazing.
    Thankyou so much for posting all this fabulous information.
    Because the syllabus and content has changed so much this year, there’s been – ironically – a lot of conflicting perspectives as to what is actually right. Having your view on everything we need to know has made things so much easier to understand. Honestly, thanks – everything you’ve posted, for all of the modules, is helpful =]

    • tutortales
      October 7, 2009 at 5:30 pm

      Thanks! Glad it’s helping people!


  10. Mehran
    October 7, 2009 at 1:42 pm

    hi there,
    where you have written how to structure the essay, what exactly are some examples of ideas about conflicting perspectives?
    thanks, your website is really helpful btw

    • tutortales
      October 7, 2009 at 10:36 pm

      You should come up with ideas, using your texts as the starting point. As I’ve written in the post, you can come up with ideas by asking these questions:
      1. What does “perspective” mean?
      2. Why do conflicting perspectives always exist?
      3. How do they arise? In other words, how is it that two people viewing the same event can have such different views?
      4. How do composers represent a particular perspective (or different perspectives) to achieve a certain purpose?
      5. How can perspectives be manipulated so that one prevails?
      6. Is your perspective shaped by the perspectives of others?


  11. mathboy
    October 7, 2009 at 2:38 pm

    hi i was just wondering if trhere are any related poems for conflicting perspectives

    thanks a lot

    • tutortales
      October 7, 2009 at 5:51 pm

      Sorry, no. I’d suggest having a look at some poetry by Indigenous Australians as they often show a strong perspective on Australia, which deliberately contradicts/contrasts with the “colonialist” perspective of Australian history.


  12. emily
    October 8, 2009 at 1:39 pm

    Thanks so much for all this amazing information 🙂
    i feel alot more confident in my knowledge now.
    i just wanted to ask about techniques though, i struggle to find or label techniques in texts and was wondering if you had any advice or a checklist or something??
    thanks again!!

    • tutortales
      October 9, 2009 at 7:41 pm

      To help find them, you can try analysing it from a macro to micro level. What I mean is, think about the techniques used on the structural scale (eg. narrative structure, format, text type, perspective, overall tone, characterisation, plot, dialogue). Then look at it on the much closer language scale (eg. metaphor, simile, imagery, personification). This can help you really narrow down the techniques and also demonstrate that you can examine the text as a whole AND in detail.

      You can also try working backwards. Think about the effect/idea/point that the composer is portraying (this is easy since you’re the responder – so it is just your response to the text). And then go “back” and try to figure out HOW the composer has made you respond that way (eg. made you feel sad, make you see ___ as being a bad thing).

      In terms of labeling techniques, even I’m constantly hearing/learning about new ones! But some key ones that aren’t as obvious as “metaphor” are:
      – Diction: choice of a certain word
      – Modality: strength/certainty of a word eg. “never” has a high modality


  13. mathboy
    October 9, 2009 at 8:52 am

    hi just wondering if this article would be a good related text for conflicting perspectives, sort of ties in with wag the dog which i am studying


    would it be allright to use something say from news.com instead of say smh paper

    • tutortales
      October 12, 2009 at 7:38 am

      I skimmed the first few paragraphs and it looks fine.

      But don’t say it’s from news.com.au – if you look at the byline, it’s actually from Agence France-Presse in Washington. If you don’t know what that is: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agence_France-Presse

      I think news.com.au is really just a syndication of various papers.


  14. bec
    October 11, 2009 at 8:47 am

    Hi, thanks for all your useful info. I was wondering about structuring the essay. You recommended that we should include two texts in idea one and two in idea 2. So are you suggesting that we should have two ideas???

    With each idea should we include info on events, person and situations? Do we have have to use all three with each idea or can we just be pick one or two? Thanks alot. This has been really useful. I have to make many changes to my original pre planned essay.

    • tutortales
      October 11, 2009 at 11:43 am

      Yes, 2-3 ideas is best. And you don’t need to talk about events, person and situations in EACH idea. You just need to have covered the 3 in your essay as a whole.

      So, for example in idea 1, text 1 represents an event, then text 2 represents a person. And in idea 2, text 1 represents a situation, and text 2 represents another event. Events, persons and situations can be easily interchanged anyway as they tend to involve each other.


  15. Clemmie
    October 13, 2009 at 6:17 pm

    Thanks for this section – it’s been very helpful! I just have a question about related texts: the two related texts i have prepared and know reasonably well are both feature articles. They are about ENTIRELY different topics (one is about mental illness and the other is about a police shooting) but is it better to have related texts in two different text types?

    • tutortales
      October 13, 2009 at 10:06 pm

      Generally, it is because you can then better demonstrate how the purpose and medium of a text can shape its meaning (perspective) by contrasting different text types. But if you’ve already prepared well for those 2 texts (and you did well in the trials with them) then I see no reason to change. It’s your analysis of the texts that matters.


  16. Amelia
    October 15, 2009 at 9:18 am

    Thank you so much for this information. It’s wonderful to finaly have a clear explanation. Our teacher wasn’t confident in what the module was actaully about so seeing it confidently, layed out with such an thorough structuring is a breath of fresh air. I’d been stressing big time about this module and you’ve pretty much confirmed what I thought we were supposed to be doing.
    I’ve got two plays – Julius Caesar (of course) and another one which is ‘verbatim theatre’ therefore despite their overlap in medium their mode of construction is actually very different and means that (for the verbatim one) it’s got three levels of perspective woven into its creation.

    Something that I’ve discovered, when writing practice essays, is that often (I do extension english and our module is Ways of Thinking -Navigating the Global) what the module is asking us to find in the texts, wasn’t actually deliberatly designed by the authors to be found in them. For example, the ideal of navigating the “global scene” and how fear (or whatever the confines of the question may be) may affect this.
    And so I’ve started to write:
    “One may find, when examining the text __x__ inorder to consider the idea of “navigating the global”, that such links may be made…”
    instead of:
    “In the text _____ the author _____ considers the idea of navigating the global by using etc…”

    I feel alot more comfortable with this approach – after all the composers didn’t write these texts to fit our HSC rubrics – but it disqualifies an “authorial” approach to the texts, which is after all, the way the english syllabus likes to get us to analyse the texts.

    Do you have any advice as to how to clear this up?
    Would be greatly appreciated.

    And once again thanks for the wonderful information you’ve already provided.

    • tutortales
      October 18, 2009 at 5:00 pm

      Thanks for such an interesting comment! It’s very true that composers didn’t write the texts for the HSC rubrics (and Skrzynecki complained about it once).

      If you prefer the 1st approach, I suggest starting off with that tone (qualifying the boundaries of your argument) and then adopting the more “authorial” approach once you get into the actual analysis part of your essay (when you must argue/persuade the marker to accept your interpretation).

      The problem with using words like “may” is that it can make you sound uncertain/hesitant to the marker. The strength of your thesis/argument is important. Arguably, it is fine to use an “authorial” approach if you consider theories like “the death of the author” (authors do not have any ownership over their text, it is the responder who determines what the text means).


  17. Justin
    October 15, 2009 at 3:04 pm

    Hi, thanks for the site, its a great help. I was just wondering, my teacher told us just to focus on a personality, event OR situation, but you suggest talking about all three. Would it be ok to talk about a personality in Julius Caesar, an event in related material 1 and a situation in related material 2? And you say to have two ideas but i’m a little confused about what an idea actually is. lol. My school sorta flied through this module and yeah, i’m trying to grasp how to write an essay for it with sufficient depth but also limiting the word count.

    • tutortales
      October 15, 2009 at 6:20 pm

      I suggest talking about all 3 (personality, event, situation) in order to “cover all the bases” of the module. And what you’ve outlined sounds fine.

      In terms of an idea, I mean an idea about conflicting perspectives. For example, in the AOS, you have Belonging ideas, which may be like “Belonging is both physical and psychological” or “Belonging creates a sense of identity for the individual”. Similarly, you must form certain “ideas” about conflicting perspectives.


  18. Ellie
    October 15, 2009 at 7:51 pm

    So if you do focus each paragraph around an idea about conflicting perpectives, how would you contrast texts?

    What I mean is, I’ve been advised to contrast say the Romans in Britain essay with my sup text using an issue, such as censorship. But in your advice above it says focusing specifically on an issue is a mistake. Consequently, if you want to compare texts to amplify your argument do you need to link them by technique?

    • tutortales
      October 15, 2009 at 10:55 pm

      What you’ve been advised is correct and what I’ve tried to say. Each “paragraph” (or however you want to break it up) is about a CP idea (eg. censorship) and IN that paragraph, you analyse how that idea is conveyed in 2+ texts – and that’s where the contrast is.

      So for example, the structure of a paragraph could be:
      – topic sentence about CP idea
      – how CP idea is demonstrated in core text
      – how CP idea is demonstrated in related text (draw links to core text)
      – concluding topic sentence about CP idea.


  19. Justin
    October 15, 2009 at 8:55 pm

    Thanks for the reply. I feel a lot more confident now about what to do.

    I had a feeling that’s what you meant by ideas but a lot of other people from my school were making me doubt that’s what it meant so thank you for clearing up my understanding :).

    Your a life saver and your help is greatly appreciated

    • tutortales
      October 15, 2009 at 10:49 pm

      No problem – all the best for next week.


  20. Nabil
    October 16, 2009 at 8:52 am

    Hi just wondering what exactly is meant by the ‘meaning’ of texts being affected by representation. Does it refer to the result of how the idea is represented in the mind of the responder? because that’s how i interpreted so far in my essays. other than that, your advice has been a huge help in this module, my teacher didnt cover the topic in the way you did, thanks!

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2009 at 9:10 am

      Kind of. Think of this way: composers represent “X” –> representation affects “X” –> responder’s understanding of “X” (ie. meaning) is affected.

      So essentially, it is how the text’s ideas (what the responders get out of it) is shaped by how the composer has chosen to represent those ideas.


  21. Tegan
    October 16, 2009 at 1:40 pm

    Hey this has been a huge help but im still confused on a few things:
    1) Our teachers have told us that we are to choose two related texts that are on the same personality/event/situation, but the two related texts are too have opposing perspectives on that certain issue. However other schools have been told to choose two different related texts on completely different issues. I’m still confused about this as are many other students.

    2) Our prescribed text is Julius Caesar, and i was just wondering if we had to talk about the ways that shakespeare has actually conveyed the conflicting perspectives.

    3) The language that shakespeare uses is very hard at times to unpack and to find language techniques in. Any suggestions as to how i can find techniqques within this play.

    Thanks heaps already for this page it’s helped alot.

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2009 at 3:00 pm

      1) No, they do not have to be on the same personality/event/situation.
      2) Yes, Shakespeare is the composer and JC is his perspective.
      3) If you’re having a lot of trouble finding any techniques (and considering the HSC is next week), I would just advise looking at a few study guides. Sometimes they can highlight and give a name to techniques that you may have read over, but couldn’t pick out what they exactly were.


  22. Tia
    October 16, 2009 at 11:38 pm

    Hi, these notes are really helpful.!
    umm.. im confused with the personalities, events and situation.
    do we mention these three while relating it to conflicting perspectives?
    and, how is an event different from a situation.?
    Im doing wag the dog, if possible can u help me relate it to one of the aspect of the film?
    thanks again!

    • tutortales
      October 17, 2009 at 3:04 pm

      Sorry I haven’t watched Wag the Dog.

      Yes, it would be good to mention how Wag the Dog is a portrayal of a certain personality/event/situation to show that you know what the module is about.

      I understood event to be an actual THING, whereas situation is more like “circumstances”. For example, an event in Julius Caesar would be his assassination – but the situation would be the political circumstances etc. A distinction does not really matter, I think though.


  23. melanieb
    October 17, 2009 at 2:20 am

    Hey, your notes are really awesome and helpful. Just wondering if you have any guidelines on how to approach Module. A? A similar guidelines on what you posted about Module C, but on Module A. Because im really having a hard time “Exploring Connections” between Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Fay Weldon’s Letters to Alice on First Reading Jane Austen. I actually dont know what to do.

    Btw, your notes are great, I feel more confident in tackling Module C.
    Thank you very much 🙂

    • tutortales
      October 18, 2009 at 11:37 am

      Sorry, but i haven’t tutored Exploring Connections before – only Texts in Time. The only I can suggest is reading the syllabus and exam rubric to see what you are required to do in the Module.


  24. Natalie
    October 17, 2009 at 7:48 pm

    The whole year my teacher had told us to construct the conflicting persp. essay like the following:

    1. 1-2 page Julius caesar
    2. approx 1 page related text 1
    3. approx 1 page related t 2

    But my teachers way is totally different to your method because you said we should do an integrated essay by grouping the relevant info from texts under thesis statements….

    My teacher had been telling us to do each text seperately and didnt even mention thesis statements!

    Is your way the right way/ best way ?!

    p.s your notes have been very helpful!


    • tutortales
      October 18, 2009 at 11:40 am

      In that situation, just go with whichever way you feel most confident. Personally I find text-by-text analysis tends to be harder to draw links in (which makes the argument less synthesised), but I have read REALLY good essays (in Belonging) where it is text-by-text. I strongly suggest sticking with however you’ve structured it thus far – as I think changing it now (with less than a week before Paper 2) would just confused you more.


  25. mau
    October 18, 2009 at 2:47 am

    Hi, first, I’d like to thank you for all your notes. They’ve been really helpful with my studies :):) but I’m still struggling with Module C…..

    In your earlier post, you said that we could classify the questions in to two types :

    1) Question about your understanding/thoughts of Conflicting Perspectives.
    – Is there a way in which i can manipulate my response for questions of type 2 into this one?I would say something like; the composer selectively uses various techniques, mode of production etc to represent his/her perspective on the issue/event. BUT this intended views/purpose of the composer may not parallel to how the audience views the text/issue discussed in the text….because audience and the composer may have differing background/context (am I suppose to support this as well?). So that is when conflicting perspectives arise. Is that acceptable for the content for the essays of this type?

    Also, do these questions,
    (example questions I’ve picked are :
     Compare how the texts you have studied emphasize the complexities evident in the nature of conflicting perspectives.
     How have the texts studied in this elective challenged your ways of thinking about ‘Conflicting Perspectives’?) fall under the type 1 questions?

    Sorry I’m asking so much but I’m so confused:'(….

    • tutortales
      October 18, 2009 at 4:48 pm

      1) Yes, that sounds fine. Type 1 can use the same essay “content” as Type 2 – only that you may have to phrase it in the way that sounds more like a personal response.

      Those questions both fall under Type 1 (moreso the 2nd question, the 1st is very general).


  26. jess
    October 18, 2009 at 8:11 pm

    Hi, this is really great! You are really helping out heaps of us!

    I was just wondering… what are some written techniques i can put down that geoffery robertson uses other than emotive language (because thats all ive been getting from him really).

    I know that he isnt that into metaphors or similes, or anything like that really! I was just wondering if you had any ideas…

    Any help would be great!

  27. pearl girl
    October 21, 2009 at 6:27 pm

    The info on how to structure the essay on mod c was ABSOLUTLY PERRRFECT!!!! I was asking my teacher about a hundred questions trying to get her to understand me, and this website is answering every single question, i was sooo relieved when i saw it! i know i sound over exagerrated, but thats wat happens wen u study a module for weeks and not understand the basis of it. Thanks heaps!!!!! keep up the fabulous work TT!!!!!!!

    • tutortales
      October 21, 2009 at 10:25 pm

      No problem – glad it’s helping people out! All the best for Paper 2.


  28. Ormo@Normo
    February 21, 2010 at 8:42 pm

    Students seem to struggle with the idea of the ‘internal conflicting perspective’ within a text.

    I’m trying to put together some notes so there’s no way they can not get it and be able to express it in a sophisticated manner. Also, there are a lot of notes on your site about Caesar, here’s some on Ted Hughes.

    The representation of conflicting perspectives can challenge the responder to revisit their personal perspective on key events, personalities and situations. Hughes for example, responded to 30 years of criticism as being the key motive for Plath’s suicide in Birthday Letters (a rather evocative title notwithstanding the content itself). Rather than outright denial, Hughes presents Birthday Letters, a clever amalgam of chronological poems, which perhaps represent his perspective of the personal side of Hughes and his relationship with Plath never considered before. It was in fact, the remarkable context that made the work of poetry one of the best selling anthologies ever, and the fact that these poems seemed to represent, side by side, a Hughes and Plath perspective on their relationship seemed to push the balance even further. Most undergraduates and highschool students now reading this collection will be introduced to Hughes through Wikipedia, rather than The Crow, which makes a significant difference to how he has pitched his work.
    In the opening poem, Fulbright Scholars, as with many other poems in the collection, Hughes cleverly undermines himself again and again, marking his memory as fallible to facts “Where was it, the Strand?” “Then I forget. Yet I remember” but certain about emotions “At twenty-five I was dumbfounded afresh / By my ignorance of the simplest things”, and that is, of course, what the public considered to be his weapon against Plath – his lack of emotional consideration to America’s now feminist darling and martyr-figure.
    Ironically in Your Paris he presents Plath as having a superficial understanding of Paris, “your Paris I thought, was American” seeing only “frame after frame” of Impressionist paintings, the constant “burblings” and the “anecdotal aesthetic touch” of artists, poets, philosophers and writers seem to be beneath his more ‘historical’ view of Paris. Through Hughes’ metaphorical “old nightmare”, “bullet scars” and “stink of fear” he positions himself to be superior to his supposed understanding of the young, ‘naïve’ Plath. This is the quintessential conflict in perspectives in the whole anthology. He, in the poem’s second act, notices that in his reflective age and hindsight that he was wrong, that Plath actually was pained throughout Paris, that she was psychologically challenged, that she “still hung waiting / For your torturer”. He validates this view, and sadly notes that “Like a guide dog, loyal to correct your stumblings”, he was unaware, and was unable to act in the role of protector, the guide, the “mere dog” that he saw himself wishing to be for her. There are then two things that colour our modern readings of these lines to consider here; ‘our’ mainstream contemporary views on marriage and thus the level of condescension this provokes, and that the marriage was the start of a new generation of marriages – one where both in the relationship had careers and that neither gave them up for the choice and care of children. Either way, these lines serve to validate surreptitiously the rest of his poetry that presents ‘her’ perspective; in this poem he showed us a perspective that was wrong, then corrected it – then one can assume, in other cases when he was ‘incorrect’ he would do the same thing. Thus, for all the objectivity that this poem poses, it actually allows him to subject the responder to a whole lot more subjectivity.
    Constant rhetorical questions, low modality language and ironic musings all grind against the ‘Hughes-devil pro-Plath’ theorists have carved him out to be (both literally from her gravestone and figuratively from the creation of a persona who was no longer ‘public’). He, ironically, in a form that Plath pioneered, created the intimate and candid self-expression epistolary biographical notations of their relationship together and his personal responses to her poems about him and her life. His form of poetry, no longer obscurely metaphoric, has changed to align with hers in these poems, addressed to Plath and their children. Some of the stones thrown against him in the past, are passively, but carefully asked to be reconsidered.
    A less cynical view may say that we must consider his personal context, a man at the end of his life, criticised for what was in fact a clinical disease beyond his control reflecting on the poetic fate they once both considered drivers of their creative muse. In addition, that these works, highly personal in nature, were not initially written for publishing, but were personal reflections upon the creative soul that marked his life forever.
    Both these conflicting perspectives of the motives and meaning of the poetry itself arise from a reading that challenges preconceptions and, in fact, newly made concepts as he doubles back on his own concepts. What we do however know, is that this text, multifaceted in its concern and perception, raises more questions than it answers but in tandem to this provides us with a unique classification of a mind riddled with anxiety, creativity and mourning long after the death of his first wife, Sylvia Plath.

    Feel free to comment/edit/add/use…if you come up with something better it’d be awesome if we could share!

  29. nikita
    May 13, 2010 at 7:03 pm

    hi i am having trouble with deciding related texts for module C: Julius Ceaser

    i was wondering if any of these would work?

    1. the queen (2006)
    2. American History X
    3. What a girl wants

    please i badly need help asap thanxx alot

  30. nikita
    May 13, 2010 at 7:05 pm

    btw i just realised : the queen is a prescribed text therefore i cant use that as related really need help with any related texts that i could use for Julius cease r

  31. nikita
    May 13, 2010 at 10:55 pm

    hi i needed help with related texts for julius ceaser for this module c.
    i was wondering if freedom fighters or american history x

    if ny one of them would work?

    or if i could get sum other ideas thankyou

    • tutortales
      May 16, 2010 at 12:40 pm

      Hi Nikita

      Sorry, but I’m not familiar with either of those texts. As for other suggestions, I’ve had past students do: Conversation with Unicorns by Peter Carey (short story) and news articles on the Bill Henson (art v child pornography) issue.


  32. Courtney
    May 15, 2010 at 5:39 pm

    Hi, all of the above is awesome and helped heaps. I still need help with Michael X from the Justice Game. I am finding it difficult to talk about the different perspectives. Please help me 🙂


    • tutortales
      May 16, 2010 at 12:29 pm

      Hi Courtney

      What exactly are you having problems with? How to write it? How to identify different perspectives? I haven’t looked at or thought about JG since mid last year, so my memory’s hazy, sorry.


  33. Courtney
    May 16, 2010 at 2:55 pm

    Yeah im having troubles with how to write it. i know that Robertson’s perspective is that he is against the death penalty, but im not sure what the other perspectives are?


  34. Jen
    May 24, 2010 at 7:42 pm


    I just received my assessment notification for Module C and my core text is Julius Caesar.
    We have been given two essay questions to prepare for and at the moment I’m struggling with the meaning of the questions itself and was wondering if you could help me clarify?

    1) Conflicting Perspectives generate deeper insights into events, situations and/or personalities.
    -what exactly do we talk about in terms of ‘insight’? i’m really

    2) At the heart of representation are acts of deliberate selection and emphasis in relation to Conflicting Perspectives.

    If you could help in any way, it would be great!
    thank you very much!

    • tutortales
      May 25, 2010 at 6:56 pm

      1) I wouldn’t say “insights” is the key word to be worrying about here. Insight could mean: understanding, challenge our assumptions etc. I think the key is explaining HOW CP gives us a greater insight/understanding into events, situations, personalities. For example, maybe CP shows us that personalities are often constructed (we only get one side) and CP gives us a multifaceted, opposing portrait of the person? CP also shows us that there are always alternative views to any event/situation/person.

      2) Talk about representations of events, situations, personalities and how these are constructed through deliberate selection and emphasis. So look at the funeral speeches, the coronation etc – the characters represent JC and etc through deliberate techniques.


  35. Anthony
    June 8, 2010 at 8:26 pm

    Thank you so much for all of this, I just started this module today and am already confused. This page has helped a fair bit and given me a lot to think about.

  36. dylan
    June 20, 2010 at 12:44 pm

    Hi I just received my assessment notification for Module C and my core text is Justice Game

    I was wondering what you meant by “do NOT write about the different perspectives about the death penalty”. I thought that was the conflicting perspectives?

    If you could reply it would be greatly appreciated

    • tutortales
      June 22, 2010 at 9:05 am

      Hi Dylan

      What I mean is that you shouldn’t write an essay/paragraph discussing the death penalty – like “this is one perspective of the death penalty…but there is also this opposing view etc”. Does that make sense?


      • dylan
        June 22, 2010 at 7:19 pm

        so we should discuss how different perspectives about an idea are expressed as opposed to perspectives on an event?

  37. Hing
    June 22, 2010 at 11:38 pm

    Hi, I am doing The Justice Game by G Robertson

    For “do NOT write about the different perspectives about the death penalty”
    (Like the qs Dylan mention above)
    Does it means that we need to focus on how Robertson represent his perspective and how our perspectives are manipulated by him rather than what are the conflicting perspective, since the module is called “Representation of Texts”

    I am having some trouble finding related texts, my teacher encouraged me to find something that can relate to the issues explore in the book. Any suggestions?

  38. Katie
    June 23, 2010 at 9:56 pm

    Hi, i have just found a supplementry text for this module which is a poem. But then i realised the poem was also a prescribed text used in english extention 1. Can i still use the poem as a supplementry text for conflicting perspectives?

    • tutortales
      June 23, 2010 at 10:23 pm

      Hey Katie – it is best to find another related text. The examiner doesn’t know whether you do Extension English 1 or not – so they might think that you’ve just used a text from another one of your subject for this one and mark you down.


  39. Pam S
    June 26, 2010 at 1:01 am

    Thanks heaps for your notes they’re really comprehensive.
    Our task for this module is a speech, where we have to construct a visual representation representing the ways in which conflicting perspectives are represented and linking it to either Michael X or Trials of Oz.
    Your stuff on the death penalty were really awesome. Would you happen to have any tips on a “visual rep”?
    Thanks heaps 🙂

  40. dylan
    June 26, 2010 at 12:24 pm

    Hi tutor tales

    how should we relalte our related texts to our core texts. Should it be through techniques, or types of perspectives or through similarites in the text?

    If you could reply it would be greatly appreciated

    • tutortales
      June 28, 2010 at 12:03 am

      Hey Dylan

      You should relate them in terms of IDEAS about conflicting perspectives. You can also draw links in terms of techniques etc, but that is secondary to IDEAS about conflicting perspectives.


  41. Hing
    June 30, 2010 at 6:46 pm

    Hi, I got two related texts about Climate Change and they show conflicting perspectives to each other, but it doesn’t relate to any issues in The Justice Game. So is it OK to use them??

    • tutortales
      July 4, 2010 at 6:13 pm

      Yes – the perspectives don’t have to relate to the same issue as your core text.


  42. Hing
    July 3, 2010 at 10:58 pm

    Does a related text must explore conflicting perspectives (2 perspectives) or can it be 1 perspective and compare it to my prescribed text’s perspective or both?

    • tutortales
      July 4, 2010 at 6:03 pm

      It can be either of what you’ve suggested.


    • Clairie
      August 22, 2010 at 6:05 pm

      If you carefully at the rubric it is really much more interested in looking at how a COMPOSER explores and represents CONFLICTING PERSPECTIVES in their work. Ie. how does the text use conflicting perspectives. With all due respect TT (you do some great work on here) you really should be looking at texts that show 2 perspectives.

      Logic tells you that. All the set texts use conflicting perspectives, think of it as a technique and the BOS want you to explore the breadth and effects of that technique.

  43. Michelle
    July 5, 2010 at 8:40 am

    hi, thanks for putting up this site! It’s helpful! I’m doing julius caesar in class & need a related text. I’m thinking 300, the movie? It fits in well with conflicting perspectives & it also relates to julius caesar settings too.

    • tutortales
      July 6, 2010 at 2:32 pm

      No problem Michelle. I have watched 300 before, but I don’t really remember the details so I can’t advise you on whether it makes good related material. However, I do think it has a lot of film techniques that you can talk about.


  44. scarlethorizons
    July 5, 2010 at 11:13 am

    Any suggestions for related texts for the Justice game?
    p.s. would atonement work as related material

  45. anon
    July 6, 2010 at 1:22 pm

    Hey TT!

    I was just wondering. what is the writer’s bias in JC?

    • tutortales
      July 6, 2010 at 2:47 pm

      This depends on each chapter, but if you read any background on Geoffrey Robertson, you’ll see that he is a human rights activist. He advocates against the death penalty and censorship etc.


  46. anon
    July 7, 2010 at 2:34 pm

    LOL sorry for being so ambiguous. I was referring to Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar. My teacher mentioned something about “omens” and “royalty”. I’m not sure how that links to bias. Please help 🙁

  47. Michelle
    July 9, 2010 at 5:47 pm

    Hi tutortales! Sorry if this sounds like foolish question, I’m analysing a movie for this module and was wondering, do you take into account facial expression, tone of voice? I’ve only ever been taught to analyse literary techniques and the simple film techniques that are lighting and camera angles..

    • tutortales
      July 11, 2010 at 8:29 pm

      Yes, you can take that into account. The acting is particularly important in terms of how personalities are presented in the text.


  48. cuditastic
    July 11, 2010 at 9:55 am

    I’m confused by what you mean when you say:

    “Writing an essay about WHAT the different perspectives are.

    For example, if you were writing about Michael X – do NOT write about the different perspectives about the death penalty etc. If you’re writing about Diana at the Docks, do NOT write about Princess Diana and the issue of privacy.”

    Haven’t you just listed “WHAT” in the second paragraph?

    • tutortales
      July 11, 2010 at 8:44 pm

      Sorry, I’m confused – but what 2nd paragraph are you referring to?


      • cuditastic
        July 12, 2010 at 9:53 am

        Sorry, I realised after I sent it, that it might be confusing.

        The second paragraph; I am referring to the second part of the excerpt I posted, so the “for example, if you…” is the second paragraph.

        So to re-articulate, in Michael X, what are the different perspectives on if they’re not on the death penalty? Because Geoffrey Robertson structures the whole case to represent his disagreement with the death penalty because it is “inhuman and degrading” and although he also portrays conflicting perspectives on himself, Michael X and the judges listening to the case, they all are ultimately there to serve his purpose of persuading the responder that the death penalty should be outlawed, but you said it is NOT the death penalty…so what are we supposed to do? There lies the confusion.

        • tutortales
          July 13, 2010 at 9:53 am

          Ah ok I see what you mean. Lol, somehow it makes sense in my head when I’m writing the post. Ok, so what I mean is that YES the different perspectives are about the death penalty, but you don’t write your essay ABOUT the death penalty. For example, your topic sentence wouldn’t be “There are opposing perspectives with respect to the use of the death penalty as a punishment within the legal system. One perspective is that such punishment is inhumane. This is presented in Robertson’s…..”

          Your topic sentences/body paragraph ideas should be about the NATURE of conflicting perspectives – why do they arise? How are perspectives constructed and manipulated?

          What you’ve written in your reply sounds like you’ve got the right idea though, so don’t worry about it to much. I’ve just raised this point in my post, because I’ve had a past tutoring student write ABOUT the death penalty etc.


  49. Jen
    July 11, 2010 at 5:15 pm


    For this module, I want to use the Bill Henson controversy as one of my related texts and i was wondering if i am allowed to use more than one source for this conflicting event/personality?

    For example, an article from the good weekender as well as letters-to-the-editor from the Sydney morning herald. (both deal with the Bill Henson story)

    And if i can use more than one source, in my paragraph as i provide the respective textual evidence, do i have to in brackets write down each time where this evidence was from? or do i just mention these specific details in the introduction?

    I’m a little confused and would really appreciate it if you could clarify this for me!

    Thank you very much!

    • tutortales
      July 11, 2010 at 8:47 pm

      Yes, you can use more than 1 source. But you don’t have to reference it in brackets every time, because you should discuss the 2 separately (not 1 sentence about article A, 1 sentence about article B and keep going back and forth) with links in between.

      Even then, it is not necessarily to have 2 related texts about the same issues to show conflicting perspectives. For example, you can just have the 1 Bill Henson article, then refer briefly to the opposing views – you don’t need to have another article to show what the opposing view is.


  50. Jen
    July 11, 2010 at 8:44 pm

    i am sorry! i thought my first comment didn’t come up and so i typed it one more time! the above two are all from me!

  51. Kirsty
    July 13, 2010 at 1:43 am

    Just wondering, if I were to use two newspaper articles on the same issue as related material, each with differing perspectives on that issue, is that considered to be one text or two? If that makes sense. Thanks!

    • tutortales
      July 13, 2010 at 9:40 am

      That would be considered 2 texts.


  52. Kirsty
    July 13, 2010 at 11:05 am

    Ok thanks, so in an exam if we are asked to refer to one peice of related material I could only talk about one article? Also, do you have any good related material suggestions other than the Bill Henson case? I’m having trouble finding texts. Thankyou so much!

    • tutortales
      July 15, 2010 at 11:54 am

      Yes that’s right. Another current event that you could look at are, of course, Rudd stepping down from being Prime Minister.


  53. louise
    July 14, 2010 at 12:30 pm

    very helpful stuff! but i’m still a tad confused. if, for each text, I:

    1. identify the conflicting perspectives
    2. explain why they exist
    3. explore how they are created/communicated

    would i be addressing everything in the rubric/conveying a complete understanding of the module?


    • tutortales
      July 15, 2010 at 11:51 am

      Yes, and in particular focus on point 3 – the words from the syllabus are that you need to: “evaluate how medium of production, textual form, perspective and choice of language influence meaning”.


  54. TVN
    July 14, 2010 at 10:36 pm

    I still stuck on finding a related material for The Justice Game. One related text I have found is the Bill Henson case and I need one more – preferably a film.

    Also, what idea can be linked between the Bill Henson case and the Justice Game? I am really struggling with this module.

    • tutortales
      July 15, 2010 at 12:01 pm

      Fahrenheit 911 and other Michael Moore films, The Simpsons episode Homer Bad Man, District 9, Priscilla Queen of the Desert, Thank You For Smoking.

      Think about what is represented in the Bill Henson related text – Hension, his photography, the situation. Then consider what influences shape that representation. Bias, agenda etc?


      • TVN
        July 15, 2010 at 9:56 pm

        Thanks for replying.
        Do you have any tips on writing a feature article? I have an assessment task and I’m required to write a feature article where I am a journalist writing for an educational supplement for HSC students about the way texts represent conflicting perspectives.

        • tutortales
          July 16, 2010 at 9:05 am

          The key thing about feature articles is that they are engaging. Your tone when your writing doesn’t need to be as formal as say an essay – but should be persuasive and passionate. You can use rhetorical questions, personal pronouns and anecdotes to draw the reader into what you are saying. Your introduction should grab the reader’s attention and establish the tone/theme of your piece.


  55. Sean
    July 15, 2010 at 2:38 am

    Buddy you are a deadset champion. This page is a life-saver!
    I just have a few questions…
    I’m doing the justice game and just got an assessment notice:
    You will be require to write an extended response in class on conflicting perspectives….need one additional text (must be of visual nature ie movie etc) and we are allowed to bring in one single sided page of notes.
    Firstly, would you have any recommendations for a good additional text?
    and secondly, since the question is extremely general would you advise just writing out an entire sort of generic essay on the page and taking it in?

    • tutortales
      July 15, 2010 at 12:06 pm

      Fahrenheit 911 and other Michael Moore films, The Simpsons episode Homer Bad Man, District 9, Priscilla Queen of the Desert, Thank You For Smoking. You can also think about other TV shows or news-like programs such as Four Corners.

      You should write a practise essay, then simplify your essay into dot points/notes to take in. But the key thing is to work out what your thesis may be, your body paragraph ideas, and techniques/examples etc.


      • Sean
        July 15, 2010 at 12:26 pm

        🙂 thankyou muchly

  56. Barry
    July 15, 2010 at 11:25 am

    I need help :(, just wondering if anyone has any sample essays with Julius Caesar as their prescribed txt? I need to have a look at some before i can understand what i need to do.. if anyone has any it would be much appreciated ?

  57. Callan
    July 15, 2010 at 5:59 pm

    Hi, this is a great page that is very hopeful, however i do have some uncertainties. This whole module is just blowing my mind.
    I’m doing ‘The Justice Game’ as my text and am in the same boat as Sean, same assessment task. I am struggling to fond related texts and i would prefer not films, but they have to be visual. Also I don’t quite understand the ideas of conflicting perspectives. What exactly are the ideas, as in what should i talk about?
    It would be a great help if you replied 🙂
    Thank you

    • tutortales
      July 16, 2010 at 9:15 am

      You can talk about various ideas, and you can develop ideas from answering the questions that I listed at the top of the post. For example, Why do conflicting perspectives always exist? How do they arise? How do composers represent a particular perspective (or different perspectives) to achieve a certain purpose?


  58. Kirsty
    July 16, 2010 at 4:36 pm

    I was thinking of doing the movie “remember the titans” as a related text for julius caesar. If you have seen it, do you think it would be suitable?

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 12:28 am

      Sorry I haven’t seen it, so can’t comment on whether it’d work or not.


  59. J
    July 16, 2010 at 8:04 pm


    I’m a little confused with my essay structure for this module and i was just wondering if you could clarify and check that what i am doing is accurate.

    1st Paragraph-Julius Caesar (Funeral Orations, Brutus perspective on his motivations to kill Caesar)

    2nd Paragraph-Julius Caesar (Funeration Orations, Antony’s perspective on the assasination of Caesar that is in conflict with Brutus)

    3rd Paragraph-Related Text 1 (Bill Henson, those that support him)

    4th Paragraph-Related Text 1 (Bill Henson, those that object to his work)

    In general, I only talk about one event or personality for each text and within each text, i have two full body paragraphs on each of the two conflicting perspectives. (eg. brutus vs antony)

    Im just wondering am i doing it wrong?? am i supposed to talk about both sides of the conflict or i can just do one? for example, with my bill henson text, can i just write one paragraph on those who are in support of him and thus only present one conflicting perspective?

    i’m a bit lost and would really appreciate some help!
    thank you!

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 10:35 pm

      Those paragraphs would be ok, as long as you are discussing them in terms of HOW those perspectives have been constructed by the representor (eg. Brutus, Antony) and NOT about what is the perspective. For example, your 3rd and 4th paragraph shouldn’t be like “This is the perspective held by those who support Henson’s art. They believe that…this is shown through….”

      You are not required to discuss both sides of the conflict. For example, your related text may only show ONE side of the issue and that is fine, so long as you demonstrate an understanding that this IS only 1 side of the issue, and that you are aware that there are other perspectives.


  60. sophia
    July 17, 2010 at 2:01 pm

    Hi TT!

    thanks for all the info, it’s been really helpful and i really appreciate it. But i’m still a tad (maybe alot xD) confused even tho i’ve read through all the comments as well as the info.

    my prescirbed text is Julius Caesar (representation of text – conflicting perspectives). for my assessment, we don’t have to meantion anything about julius caesar and we just have to analyse TWO related texts that have links to JC. i’ve chosen the ‘position/representation of women’ as the topic (for conflicting perspectives). – that would be my first idea.

    so my first related text is “The devil wears prada” (movie) – this movies shows that women are strong and independent. my second related text is a song, “not the american average” by asking alexandria – this text represents women as someone’s property or male dominance. – should i do a second idea such as ‘power’ (the power of women in TDWP and the power of men in NTAA?)

    i’m not really sure about how to write the thesis/intro. the whole structure and way of writing about why conflicting perspectives exist is just really confusing to me. and is there an easier way at answering unknown questions (cos we only get to see the question on the day)

    i know you said the biggest mistake was to “Write an essay about WHAT the different perspectives are” but i just don’t know how else to write it. its’d be really nice if you could reply =) the main thing is that i just need help figuring out the thesis and the way to structure my essay


    Sophia =D

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 10:41 pm

      To figure out your thesis, start with coming up with a definition for “perspective”. Then build upon that by considering what influences the construction of a perspective. How has the perspective in your related texts been constructed by their composers? What is the composer’s purpose/agenda is presenting that perspective. In order to prepare for your assessment, I would probably try write a practise essay to one of the Mod C questions, which I have put online (perhaps the 2009 HSC question).


  61. Cee
    July 18, 2010 at 5:11 pm

    I just finished my Speech/essay and I don’t know if i did it right.
    I had Shakespeare as the composer and JC as his perspective but I said he changed Plutarchs works on Julius Caesar e.g how the characters are portrayed -> Brutus being more noble. And therefore theres conflicting perspectives which suggest that truth is not absolute (Which is my essay question) But I dont know if we’re supposed to talk abt the opposing conflicts in the play between Antony and Brutus, cus everyone seems to be focusing on that and I dont even mention it.

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 12:50 pm

      Yes, you should probably talk about Antony and Brutus’ speech, because this Module is half (what is the composer saying about conflicting perspectives) and half (how is the text a perspective in itself).

      So for example, the former in JC is how Shakespeare shows how Brutus and Antony construct (through their speeches etc) conflicting perspectives of Caesar. Think about HOW they do it in their speeches etc – how do they represent Caesar? Then the latter is about how JC (the text) is itself a perspective constructed by Shakespeare etc.


  62. viv
    July 19, 2010 at 3:37 pm

    Hello TT 🙂
    THANK YOU SO MUCH ! all the information and replies you wrote have helped me to understand the module so much more ! just finished reading all the comments and replies and you really are a life saver !

    But I still have a question or two to ask and it would be awesome if you could reply and address them !

    1) I’m doing The Justice Game and we are required to write two different 300 word ‘explanations on how the composer represents our chosen event/personality/situation in the text. [therefore, one is on the justice game and the other on a text of our own choosing]

    The chosen situation I’ve chosen is censorship/freedom of expression [btw are these kind of the same thing?] and in the Justice Game I am going to mention HOW Robertson represents it in the Trials of Oz. Here I am going to explain how it being a non-fiction book and structured as in a sort of court case ideal and how he makes it seem like it’s the ‘truth’ represents his view against censorship. Also, his overall tone and characterisation of Judge Argyle and the three Oz guys. Would this be okay ?

    My chosen text is Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. Would this be alright since it is about censorship and Bradbury presents CP with the use of characterisation and dialogue and all that, would this fit ?

    2) My second task is to create a one-frame cartoon that represents and comments on in my case censorship. It’s marked on basically its originiality and sophistication [we need to write another 300word explanation on the construction of it]. Do you have any ideas in which I could do it ? Because it seems nothing will be ‘original’ since there are already tonnes of cartoons in regards to this issue.

    Thank you so much again, and sorry for the LONG comment I’ve written. It would seriously be awesome if you could reply 😀

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 8:27 pm

      1) Yep, you sound like you’ve got it covered etc. And yes censorship/freedom of expression are just the 2 sides of the coin.

      2) That sounds like a fun assessment task actually, haha – cartoons! First of all, consider what perspective of censorship you can to convey – are you saying its good or bad? Then figure out how to represent it creatively. I’m not sure what you’re trying to convey about censorship so I can’t really help you there.


      • viv
        July 19, 2010 at 9:36 pm

        thank you TT =DD

        I’m still stuck on the tasks though =( I think I know what I want to say but since it is can only write 300 words, I don’t know how to tackle it, or better still I don’t know how to start the ‘explanations’.

        Should I be starting off with censorship, like defining it or something or go straight in with the text ? Because if I define it, then it might become redundant because both explanations would be on censorship.

        Also with Fahrenheit 451, I’m not sure if you have read it but what I’m thinking is that Bradbury does show the two sides of the coin here with people who pursue freedom of speech and people who remain complacent with the censorship. By talking about how they both turn out or result, would this be story telling too much ? Since there is again only 300 words, I’m not sure how to tackle it =(

        Also, with the cartoon I wanted to show that I am totally against it. So I was thinking something along the lines of a man where his facial expressions and body language is dying to talk and shout out yet his mouth is sewed or non-existent. Also with this there is another man who is trying to draw this ‘no mouth man’ [trying to show others there is a man who can’t express himself here] but he is there TRYING to draw but nothing comes out either. And perhaps there could be a trail of things happening which lead one thing to another. [I hope you get what I mean here] Something along the lines of that, is this too ‘shallow’ or too simplistic ? Is there any alterations or additions you would suggest to make it more ‘sophisticated’ or to the point ?

        I’m sorry with all the questions but THANK YOU again, you really are a champ ! Hope you would be awesome to help me out with my problems again =))

        • tutortales
          July 19, 2010 at 10:59 pm

          Ok, you DON’T define censorship, because the essay is NOT about censorship. It is about perspectives and representations. And your body paragraphs are about HOW a particular person, event or issue (in your case) is represented by the composers in the text. You can identify the composer’s perspective (against/for censorship), but the bulk of the analysis is HOW they’ve represented that perspective. Sorry I haven’t read Fahrenheit 451 so I can’t comment.

          For your cartoon, it sounds like a good idea. Think about how you can make it persuasive though – are you going to evoke sympathy for the figures? Are you going to make it dramatic, tragic etc?


  63. Dale
    July 19, 2010 at 7:30 pm

    Hey. I have an assignment on the Justice Game where I need a related text. I have chosen the episode from the Simpsons – Homer Badman, and I was wondering which prescribed text could this go with?

    I’d much appreciate it you could tell me this fairly soon as the due date is drawing closer haha.

    Thanks in advance!

    • tutortales
      July 19, 2010 at 8:23 pm

      Michael X would work well I think – representations of persons, media, selective editing etc.


      • Dale
        July 19, 2010 at 8:39 pm

        Ah thank you TT.

        Another quick question, do you think Diana in the docks could be used with this episode?

        • tutortales
          July 19, 2010 at 10:26 pm

          Sorry I haven’t read Diana on the Docks yet, so I’m not sure.


  64. Kas
    July 20, 2010 at 10:21 pm

    Hi, for conflicting perspectives, there must be two perspectives. In The Justice Game, Michael X chapter, I only can see Robertson’s perspective. So should I assume the other perspective that conflicts with Robertson’s perspective is the Trinidad justice system?
    E.g. Robertson is against death penalty and assuming Trinidad law system is supporting death penalty

    I understand that the essay is about HOW composers represent their perspectives but it doesn’t make sense to me if there is no conflicting perspectives illustrated.


    • tutortales
      July 21, 2010 at 2:21 pm

      The other perspectives could be perspectives held by the people of Trinidad (eg. the taxi driver at the beginning), the media, and the perspective of the victim/victim’s families. The latter is deliberately under-represented in JG.


  65. Loana
    July 21, 2010 at 11:18 pm

    Hello! You’ve mentioned that Hoodwinked as a suitable related text. Out of curiosity, to what subject matter is the composer biased about in this film?

  66. kevin
    July 21, 2010 at 11:21 pm

    If anyone has notes on The Justice Game-Conflicting Perspectives could you please send it to evinkays_93@hotmail.com


  67. lana
    July 24, 2010 at 10:27 pm

    Hi you have been an IMMENSE help and I cannot thank you enough! I have a quick question though. I have an assessment on conflicting perspectives however we are only allowed to refer to ONE related text instead of two.

    How would you suggest I structure my essay response?


    • tutortales
      July 25, 2010 at 8:18 am

      How about this –
      Idea 1:
      – core text
      – related text
      Idea 2:
      – core text
      – same related text
      The structure can be quite flexible so long as you make it clear and it flows logically.


  68. josh
    July 27, 2010 at 4:33 pm

    hey there,
    i was just curious about something. i have done my essay on julius caesar, however i am just not sure how to suddenly talk about the medium of production, textual form and perspective. also, can you give me examples of what to talk about. the bulk of my essay is techniques, so hopefully i am in the right direction.

    • tutortales
      July 28, 2010 at 9:40 pm

      You can mention the effect of medium and textual form in the introduction. Or if it relates to one of your body paragraph ideas, then by all means – link it in.


  69. Chantel
    July 27, 2010 at 10:35 pm

    i have my trials in two days and i just wanted to ask if it would be silly to use the grinch as my related text for Julius Caesar?
    i know that i can link cindy lou’s speech that she gives to the speeches given by brutus and antony, but i can’t think of a lot more other than the obvious different perspectives of the town and the grinch towards christmas and the fickleness of the community.
    any opinions or notes?

    • tutortales
      July 28, 2010 at 9:39 pm

      Hi Chantel – sorry, but I haven’t seen the Grinch in a long time, so I can’t offer any comments.


  70. kevin
    July 28, 2010 at 9:55 pm

    Hi, for Justice Game-Romans in Britain would it be possible for me to say that the conflicting perspective is between the:

    -bias of Geoffrey Robertsons view of people (Whitehouse, the judge etc)
    -and how we are not shown the views of others

    Sorry, this isn’t greatly worded because i’m not too sure how to explain it.

  71. TS
    July 29, 2010 at 10:20 pm

    This information has been immensely enlightening.
    Thank you so much for posting this (:

  72. May
    July 31, 2010 at 9:25 am

    Hey, thanks for the info.
    I was just wondering, what is the difference between a ‘textual’ and ‘thematic’ essay, and which is best to use? Also, could you explain how the film ‘Fight Club’ (if you’ve seen it) would represent notions of conflicting perspectives? Because I think, after reading your comments, that I may have chosen this text for the wrong reasons. (ie, it is very much a text in which I would be able to explore ‘what’ the conflicting perspectives are; and now that I’ve realised I’m meant to explore ‘how’ they are represented, I’m fairly confused, lol)
    Thankyou very much.

  73. Elle
    July 31, 2010 at 12:24 pm

    hey TT! my teacher is a doofus and i am still so confused about conflicting perspectives.. We are studying Snow Falling on Cedars and I am struggling to find conflicting views other than racism and the justice system.. I also don’t have any supp. texts and have no idea how to piece together an essay on it! help trials are in 2weeks!

  74. TL
    July 31, 2010 at 7:19 pm

    Hi there, this information was extremely helpful.

    However, when you stated that the essays should not discuss what the conflicts in perspectives are, per say on the tyranny of Caesar but rather discuss an understanding of the differing perspectives I don’t really understand this. Don’t we require a general outline of the conflicts, “there is a CP between Brutus and Antony on Caesar’s ambition”. This leads to audience gaining greater understanding…

    Or must we omit that general outline?

    • tutortales
      August 1, 2010 at 9:31 am

      No no, that general outline is good – I just meant don’t discuss in length about it etc. In other words, you should identify the CP, but don’t discuss it.


  75. Me
    August 1, 2010 at 7:48 pm

    Hi, just some things i need to clarify. Are we supposed to approach this module with the critical mindset of module B, but extending beyond the mere ‘critical’ aspect and applying it to a specific idea like CF?

    Also, I understand that each module is unique and requires specific outcomes, but from my understanding of this module, it seems that it is very similar to mod B. So are the modules supposed to link to each other in any way?

    • Me
      August 1, 2010 at 7:49 pm

      *very similar in terms of the textual integrity/construction aspect I mean. i.e. in this case, how the composer has portrayed the dominant perspective.

  76. Lisa
    August 3, 2010 at 12:10 am

    Hello TT! Thanks for all the notes, it has helped my understanding of this module.

    However, I am a bit confused as to what the ‘ideas’ are in our prescribed text. My prescribed text is Julius Caesar, and I only write about the speeches of Brutus and Antony. I write about the techniques used to persuade the audience’s perspective to the bias opinion of each character. How would ‘ideas’ come into this?

    Another problem I have is linking the my prescribed text to my related material. I am using an article against the Bill Henson photographs and a blog which is for it. How would I use ‘ideas’ to link the texts together?

    So far, I have one paragraph on Brutus with techniques Shakespeare uses to persuade audience of Brutus’s perspective, and the second one with Antony. I continue to my third paragraph with perspective 1 of Bill Henson’s photographs [against it] with techniques and then to my fourth paragraph which is for it. I can’t find any way to link them together?

    Thanks again for all your notes and help!

  77. Nikita
    August 3, 2010 at 10:47 pm

    Hi. Thanks so much for all the notes. They’re a great help.

    I’m doing Julius Ceasar as my prescribed text and a film for one of my related texts. I still need another one but I’m finding it really difficult to get one. I’m doing a personality and I just can’t find related text with conflicting perspectives on a personality. Any suggestions?


  78. darcyy
    August 4, 2010 at 6:06 pm

    Hi, firstly, thanks for all the help, its much appreciated.
    I’m having trouble finding a related text for conflicting perspectives and i was wondering what exactly i should be looking for when choosing one, also what i should focus on when analysing it and how to relate it to my prescribed text, which is wag the dog.

  79. imblack
    August 14, 2010 at 12:22 pm

    Hey does anyone know a good related text/s for Birthday Letters

    • H
      August 15, 2010 at 4:02 pm

      I have four possible related for Ted Hughes Birthday Letters-
      Daddy, Arraignment (ii), Unabridged Journals and the Handmaid’s Tale.
      Would recommend Arraignment and Daddy, lots of techniques.

  80. anonymous
    August 22, 2010 at 11:42 am

    what is the perspective of John Mortimer in the JG/ how does robertson represent him?

  81. josh
    August 31, 2010 at 4:33 pm

    hey there,
    im a little confused. my english teacher has just told us that we will only need ONE related text for this module. she said that they’ve only ever asked for one. i asked her whether we should have a 2nd related text just in case and she said not to worry about it. can you please reassure me on this?

    • tutortales
      September 12, 2010 at 11:11 am

      The 2005 HSC asks for at least TWO related texts. 2006-2009 HSCs have only asked for at least ONE related text. But note that in 2005 to 2008, it was the old module Telling the Truth, which then changed to CP in 2009. To be safe, I would prepare 2 related texts.


  82. Katie
    September 14, 2010 at 8:40 pm

    im doing Ted Hughe’s poetry and i’m a little confused with how i’m supposed to mention all 6 poems or allude to all 6 with similar ideas…

    would you suggest forming one idea, then linking it to various poems and giving examples, then moving onto a related text.

    followed then by another idea, with links to various poems and my second relatd text with that idea??

    thank you

    • Ormo@Normo
      September 18, 2010 at 3:00 pm

      You would only talk about 2-3 Ted Hughes’ poems.

      You would link conceptually about what the PURPOSE of the composer using conflicting perspectives in their text – to highlight/emphasise bias, to hide bias, to attempt to persuade from popular opinion etc.

    • tutortales
      September 20, 2010 at 11:57 am

      Hi Katie, Ormo@Normo is correct. No need to discuss all 6 poems. You would have say 2-3 ideas, with each idea linked to 1 poem and 1 related. You can also make brief (1 sentence) links to other poems, if you think the contrast/similarity is really important.


  83. Jo
    September 27, 2010 at 7:07 pm

    Heyy 🙂
    Im not quite sure if the structure of my essay is correct.
    (Conflicting perspectives on the issue of Freedom of expression/breaches of indecency)
    Prescribed Text-Justice Game (Romans in Britain)
    Related Text 1-The Henson Case
    (Conflicting perspectives of the issue of privacy/freedom of the press)
    Prescribed Text-Justice Game (Diana in the Dock)
    Related Text 2-Article on Prince William’s Girlfriend and tennis shots from paparazzi

    – im not sure if i should just generally talk about conflicting perspectives in all my texts but i find by firstly talking about freedom of expression it ties my related text to my prescribed and the same with the other idea of freedom of the press/privacy. How would i put in events, personalities and situations. Could i talk about Diana and the Dock as a personality, the Henson case as a situation and Romans in Britain as an event?

  84. lia
    September 29, 2010 at 4:46 pm

    Hey TT i really needed this information..
    Im currently preparing my hsc essays and im wondering if this is a good related material for the justice game


    It actually includes Geoffrey Robertson in it, would it still be alright to use ?

    Are you sure we must prepare two related material because i cannot seem to find another really good one. Perhaps if you have any ideas for a film or show that would be great


  85. Joshua
    September 29, 2010 at 11:34 pm

    Just one question. Is it okay to have two related texts of the same event and ideally the texts are conflicting perspectives of eachother?

    • tutortales
      October 4, 2010 at 9:58 am

      Hi Joshua – it is better to have 1 related text which shows conflicting perspectives in it, rather than having 2 conflicting texts.


  86. lia
    October 4, 2010 at 4:29 pm

    TT can you please reply to my message i need your help.

  87. jane
    October 4, 2010 at 7:41 pm

    Hi, my core text is Justice Game and i was wondering how many techniques should be analysed for each idea? I’ve cut the essay into

    – intro (100 words)
    – idea 1 (400 words)
    – idea 2 (400 words)
    – concl (100 words)

    which means 200 words each for the core text and related but then how many techniques would that suffice?
    thanks a bunch!

    • tutortales
      October 5, 2010 at 1:12 pm

      Hi Jane – there’s no set number of techniques that you need, but I would think at least 4 or 5 per text per paragraph.


  88. Naomi
    October 5, 2010 at 11:09 am

    Hey TT,

    First off…. THIS PAGE IS AWESOME! 🙂

    My prescribed text is Ted Hughes’ Birthday Letters, and there are six poems inclusive for study. Upon writing an essay, how many poems do you think I should write about, considering that there are also 2 other related material. Should I just draw ideas out of all of them or should I pick like 2-3 poems out of the six and give a detailed analysis?

    Thank you very much!

  89. Naomi
    October 5, 2010 at 11:16 am

    Wait, sorry, never mind, I saw a similar question above. Silly me.

  90. Kala
    October 7, 2010 at 6:00 am

    Hello. I was just wondering if it is valid to say that ‘conflicting perspectives are created with the purpose of entertaining the audience’ as an ‘idea’ for the essay.

    • tutortales
      October 8, 2010 at 12:34 pm

      What core and related texts are you using? I’m not sure if you can really support that as a valid idea.


  91. lia
    October 10, 2010 at 5:10 pm

    dude…. why the helll are yu not helping me.! ur helping everyone else.!

    • tutortales
      October 10, 2010 at 6:36 pm

      Lia, refrain from being rude – or I will just delete your comments. I can’t advise you about that specific related text – but it seems an interesting way to contrast how GR portrays himself and how that article portrays him. If you need more specific help – hire a tutor. TT

  92. Sree
    October 10, 2010 at 6:20 pm

    Thank you so much for all your help and advice!

  93. lena chen
    October 10, 2010 at 10:47 pm

    is it valid to state “events, personalities and situations” as part of our thesis statement/ introduction. since you did say it was just a preliminary exercise..
    what would be the more formal approach?

  94. Henry
    October 11, 2010 at 4:56 pm

    is there some kind of formula we can follow to structure this essay?? thank you for all the help btw, its been very helpful

    • tutortales
      October 11, 2010 at 9:38 pm

      Hi Henry – I haven’t got a “formula” posted up as yet, but I will keep that in mind. Sorry, won’t be able to get it up until after this HSC though – my internet connection has died on my main computer. But have a read through some of the other comments, as I recall someone posting up a framework of what the Mod C essay should look like. TT

  95. lia
    October 11, 2010 at 5:40 pm

    OK so if you couldn’t advise me properly why didn’t you just say so instead of ignoring me. I USED to have an online tutor now his TALES of no wisdom are no longer in service. NOW DELETE THIS before you get a complex.


    • tutortales
      October 11, 2010 at 9:35 pm

      Well, a lot of people comment for help during this time of the year, so honestly I forgot or thought I’d get back to it later on. I don’t have time to answer everyone’s comments. But really, if you REALLY needed a reply that much, there are much more productive ways rather than waiting for a reply on a blog. If you’ve lost your old tutor, simply get a new one. Discuss it with your friends, ask your parents, email your school teacher. I can appreciate that you’re stressed in this situation, but frankly, you’re wasting your energy and time in leaving angry comments here. TT

    • aidan
      October 14, 2010 at 3:38 am

      Darling, the only one with the complex here is you. If you’re so desperate for advice, go back to your school teacher instead of acting aggressively towards someone on the internet who technically doesn’t even need to help you to begin with.

  96. tanya
    October 11, 2010 at 11:41 pm

    Hey! so i did what you told everyone NOT to do because i was advised by my tutor that it would be easier to make links if your related texts all corressponded to the same issue. and that’s what i did but i still talked about the HOW and made links comparing Robertson’s ways of persuading the audience about this this and this and then Meirelles’ (Constant gardener) way fo doing the same thig but using a different technique. Do you think the markers may get prejudiced and ASSUME that ive just compared perspectives rather than represenations?
    thansk for everything by the way. this is a great site. i wish i found it before!

    • tutortales
      October 12, 2010 at 8:05 pm

      Hi Tanya – no, that’s fine – so long as the body of the essay is primarily about HOW the composer manipulates our response. TT

  97. Ves
    October 15, 2010 at 10:42 pm

    Hey TT, thanks for the great help 🙂
    I was just wondering if there is a possibility that the question for CP will ask us to refer to a specific chapter/case within our text….
    i.e: Im doing The Justice Game and im not sure if i should take note of every case within the book just incase they ask about a specific one, instead of one of our own choosing?

    Thanks 🙂

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 9:11 pm

      Don’t stress about it too much – that’s highly unlikely to occur. TT

  98. gc
    October 16, 2010 at 9:38 am

    Hi TT. Just wanted to say thank you thank you! Reading your interpretation of the module and all the comments has been so helpful.

    Still not quite sure how to link the texts in terms of “ideas” about CP though. Would you be able to give examples of what you mean by “ideas”. I am studying Ted Hughes and am using Plath’s Whiteness I Remember and Ang Lee’s Brokeback Mountain as my related texts.

    Thankyou once again! life-saver 🙂


    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 9:39 pm

      Hey GC – sorry I haven’t tutored Hughes, so I really can’t offer examples specific to your texts. But, just by way of example – an idea can be “composers use emotional appeals and establish a connection with the audience – in order to manipulate the audience’s response”. TT

  99. Ben
    October 16, 2010 at 10:51 am

    just wanted to ask if I would get marked down for just focusing on one of the stories in the Justice Game? Its just that my related texts link up perfectly with ‘Michael X on Death Row’ so i have a lot to say about that one. Thanks

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 9:07 pm

      Hey Ben, do you mean that your discuss MORE about your related text than JG? You really should be discussing at least 2 chapters in JG, because core texts take priority over related. TT

  100. Jo
    October 16, 2010 at 1:54 pm

    Hey TT,

    For this module, I have prepared two related texts however these two related texts talk about the same issue, ie. one related text talks about one perspective and the second one talks about another perspective which is conflicting. However, within the each text, there is only one perspective. I was wondering, if the BOS asks us to write about ONE related text only, what should I do? Should I find another related text now, just in case? I know the exam is in a couple of days but I didn’t think they’d ask us for just one until rumours started going around.

    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 9:35 pm

      Hey Jo, you can find another related text if you are really concerned. Otherwise, in that situation, you can just use 1 of the related texts – and talk about how it advocates a particular perspective/bias in the midst of conflicting perspective (as held by society). TT

  101. sameer
    October 16, 2010 at 10:04 pm

    hi TT, can u help me. what is meant by the temr “meaning” its seems vague to me, does it refer towards the responders views? also how would you approach a question directly asking about how representation influences meaning? and what do u think about conflciting perspectives gereating provocative insights?


    • tutortales
      October 16, 2010 at 10:16 pm

      “Meaning” is what is communicated to the audience and what is interpreted by the audience. For example, depending on whether you represent an apple as “healthy” or “lusciously red” – this can create different “meanings”. The former may mean the apple is good and nutritious, whilst the latter may mean that an apple has associations with lust and temptation.

      If the question is along the lines of “representation influences meaning” – then you need to demonstrate how this is shown in your texts. How have your composer’s representation of a particular issue, person etc – influenced the audience’s perspective.


  102. Xander
    October 16, 2010 at 11:45 pm

    Hi TT, thanks for giving up your time to answer our questions.
    Anyways, i would like to ask if my related material has to link with my prescribed text (justice game) and how i should i write about it in the essay. For example; I’m doing Michael X and my related material is the Bill Henson case. How would i link these two together in an essay? Thanks a lot, i appreciate it!

    • tutortales
      October 17, 2010 at 7:13 pm

      You can link them by the techniques through which the composers manipulate your response. Eg. both texts may use emotional appeals and language. TT

  103. Jordo
    October 17, 2010 at 10:19 am

    Hello tutortales, it would be really great if you could tell me how “The Angry Kettle” would work in a module C essay (if you could mention some notable techniques that would be awesome!) Also, is it ok to have a short story and a feature article as related texts? My prescribed text is Julius Caesar.

    Thank you so much.

    • tutortales
      October 17, 2010 at 7:11 pm

      Sorry, I don’t know what The Angry Kettle is. And any text type is fine for related text. TT

  104. A-Lea
    October 17, 2010 at 12:32 pm

    Hey TT, My presribed text is “The Justice Game” and i usually write about 2 chapters (“Micheal X on Death Row” and “The Prisioner of Venda), however our teacher recommends that we write about 3 PLUS two related texts.
    In spite of this, i find it difficult doing this, as i discover that i don’t have the time to go into depth.
    What would you recommend?

    • tutortales
      October 17, 2010 at 7:10 pm

      I don’t think it’s necessary to talk about 3 chapters. As you said, you can just do 2 but in great detail. TT

  105. Dev Singh
    November 18, 2010 at 10:22 am

    Hi, i have a question essay for school:
    “The purpose of the composer will always determine the way in which conflicting perspectives are represented.”

    I have to choose 2 texts from birthday letter and one additional related text. What texts do you recommend I do both from birthday letters and additional texts and how would i structure this essay?

    Thanks so much!

    • tutortales
      November 19, 2010 at 8:46 am

      Sorry, I haven’t tutored Birthday Letters so I can’t advise on which texts or related texts you should use. However, in terms of structure, it would be easiest to just do by text, so you would have 3 paragraphs. And for each paragraph, address the essay question and explain the purpose of the composer – then move into how this shapes/manipulates representation.


  106. jason
    November 20, 2010 at 6:32 pm

    what would be a good related text for julius caesar?

    • tutortales
      November 22, 2010 at 7:59 am

      Sorry, haven’t tutored Julius Caesar before so can’t really advise you on related texts. TT

  107. jason
    November 20, 2010 at 6:40 pm

    my speech topic is:
    Intense opinions, expressing contrasting views are presented in the texts you have studied.
    How effectively have responses been influenced by the representaion of these views?

    make detailed reference to julius caesar and and at least one other related text

    can i select two texts that have different perspectives, if so would bush’s fifth anniversary 9/11 speech and another text opposing the war on terror work well with julius caesar.

    or do i have to select a related text that has conflicting perspectives in it

    • tutortales
      November 22, 2010 at 7:58 am

      Hi Jason – it is better to select a related text which has conflicting perspectives in it (rather than 2 opposing texts). TT

  108. Anthony Catanzariti
    November 28, 2010 at 9:18 pm

    If you were to classify Skrzynecki’s poems, what terms would you use for each of the poems listed for this year, eg ode, reflective, meditative?

  109. Ben
    December 4, 2010 at 6:23 pm

    If i want to say an author was being cynical,
    what techniques could i use?

    • tutortales
      December 5, 2010 at 4:47 pm

      Probably tone (generally) and diction (referring to specific examples). They may also use sarcasm. TT

  110. stargazer
    January 17, 2011 at 8:54 pm

    Hi TT,
    I am going to start Module C next term.Cn u recommend few related texts that would go well with Geoffery Robertson’s Justice Game.

  111. Molly
    February 24, 2011 at 10:02 am

    i really need help with my related texts. I already have a film, so i need either a song or visual related source – any suggestions?


  112. gabbie
    March 20, 2011 at 11:49 am

    hey tt
    thank you so much for all your help it was really usefull. so i guess what you are saying is to not get caught up in the actuall story but to look at the conflicts of perspectives and the reasons behind them?

    my related text is beach burial by kenneth slessor and im not sure how to find the conflicting perspectives of it. is it like the fight for country and the detrimental effects?

    that doesnt make sense. oh im so confused :S

    • gwendolyn
      May 11, 2011 at 3:50 pm

      We actually did a unit last year on CONFLICT and looked at poems that glorify war as patriotic and necessary, constructing the soldiers as heroes and then studied a selection of poems that challenged those ideas. Here is an example intro to the texts we used – Rupert Brookes’ The Soldier clearly glorifies war and romanticises the loss of life as noble. Beach Burial evokes the flood of grief felt when the consequences of war are seen first-hand. Homecoming is an ironic social comment on war as a business and portrays war as devoid of humanity or emotion, the victims are represented as simply objects used to achieve the goals of waring politicians or country leaders. Charley Reese’s article ‘War Propaganda” criticises the Bush administration for once again glorifying war and portrying war symbolically in order to diminish the realities of the experience and justify war as a ‘necessary evil’.
      Hope this helps.

  113. gwendolyn
    May 11, 2011 at 3:54 pm

    The Wiki leaks is a great related text too if you look at all the for and against reports via written, visual and electronic media. Now of course there is the conflicting perspectives on whether or not Osama is actually dead. New events occur every day.

  114. Ahsila
    May 13, 2011 at 6:56 pm

    I was wondering if you could help me with establishing a few ideas for my related text ‘The Crucible’ (Movie) to be used with Julius Caesar

  115. Year 12 Student
    May 18, 2011 at 6:08 pm

    thanks so much for posting this, really helps a lot!! 🙂

  116. Jaryd
    May 28, 2011 at 4:16 pm

    ok first of all great post
    2nd for essay structure
    what is idea 1 and idea 2??
    and they your related texts in relation to the prescribed text?

  117. JasmineRR
    May 30, 2011 at 9:09 pm

    My class has had many different markers and teachers tell us many different answers to these questions, so if you could help clear up a few points…
    1. Does the conflicting perspectives have to be IN the texts or BETWEEN texts and if the answer is either what do you recommend.
    2. Do we focus on either situation OR event OR personality (we have only ever been told that we do, where I think I read something different in your blog)

  118. Joy
    June 8, 2011 at 5:03 am

    I was wondering if you could help me by giving me a few examples of ideas for conflicting perspectives, I’m slightly confused with the notion of the idea in this and how to relate this to an additional text. For example an idea for belonging would be, A persons sense of belonging can be compromised by forces out of their control. In a similar way what would an idea for conflicting perspectives be?

    and how do I link one text to another?

  119. Oscar
    June 11, 2011 at 12:32 pm

    I found this blog very helpful. But I’m still a little confused as to how you can have ‘conflicting perspectives’ (Module C) when you are only given one side of a text. For example, I’m doing Ted Hughes’ “Birthday Letters” and the poems are mostly about his opinion on Sylvia Plath. Am I supposed to discuss conflict between himself and herself, or about conflict between his current perception and past perception?
    Also, anyone have any good ideas for related material for ‘Birthday Letters’ in Module C. I’m finding it very difficult trying to get hold of material other than material that relates directly to Hughes or Plath.
    Thank you.

    • Rebecca
      June 30, 2011 at 5:05 pm

      You might want to have a look at this blog: http://mrslangford.wordpress.com/

      She explains them quite clearly!

      bec 🙂

    • mimo
      October 16, 2011 at 8:55 am

      hi oscar, im also doing CP in Bday letters. i’ll give you an example of how you can talk about CP in his poems:
      – in “Red”, hughes show’s sylvia’s conflicting personalities through the use pf colour imagery, he uses red to show the bad side of her and white and blue to show the good side of her.
      – in “Your Paris”, the first half of the poem conflicts with the other half. this is because, in the first half he’s talking about how happy and joyful plath was on their honeymoon, but in the second half hughes come to realise that she isnt so sunny from the inside as she appears on the outside. so the poem is conflicting within itself.

  120. Gem
    June 21, 2011 at 9:40 pm

    Loved everything you wrote about Module C. So true that it’s the hardest.
    My core text is Julius Caesar and i’m confused about what kind of related texts i need to get. Do you have any ideas?
    I’m also confused on how to relate the related text i get to JC???

    • Oscar
      June 22, 2011 at 6:16 pm

      Hey Gem, I don’t do Julius Caesar but my friend does and for his related material I know he used something on Plutarch and a film on Julius Caesar. I’m not sure what this film was, but would you like me to find out for you??

      • Gem
        June 25, 2011 at 6:13 pm

        yes please. would love that!!!!

    • Rebecca
      June 30, 2011 at 5:03 pm

      Hi Gem,

      I have tutored this module for about 2 years and perhaps I might be able to help.

      For Julius Caesar I always recommend students to chose a text that is political in nature. Remember, even though the text is full of conflicting perspectives on different characters,events and situations the overarching concept, (i.e. what Shakespeare is trying to say) is Shakespeare commenting on the political situation of his time. It is through conflicting perspectives that he makes his statement – republic vs Tyranny – which one is better?

      So I suggest look around for texts that are political in nature, for example anything on the assassination of JFK could be used.

      Similarly you still should be able to work any other related texts into your essay. Insight on SBS is a good source for related texts.

      Hope that helps 🙂

  121. Michael
    June 24, 2011 at 7:27 pm

    I have an essay to write and the question is “conflicting perspectives explore the nature of different versions of interpretations” explain how the texts you have studied achieve this.

    i have to refer to “the trials of Oz” and “Michael X on death row” both by Geoffrey Robertson, and my related text is “The Social Network”

    How should I go about structuring my essay and what main points should i make??

  122. Chloe
    June 24, 2011 at 10:14 pm

    You’re actually amazing at explaining everything! I love this site!!
    I have an assessment on conflicting perspectives and it’s to do with how conflicting perspectives reveal the complexity of issues; my problem is that my related text is fairly one sided in its argument (fahrenheit 9/11), is there a way to make this related work for this question or should i find a new one?

    • Rebecca
      June 30, 2011 at 5:22 pm

      Hi Chloe,

      I have tutored this Module and perhaps I can be of help.
      What I have noticed is that with this module, it is always best to choose a text that deals substantially with both sides of the argument. If the text is presenting only one side of the argument, it is quite difficult to argue the text as encompassing conflicting perspectives. However if your text is predominantly focussing on one side of the argument over the other, you could work around to say that the text privileges that side of the argument than the other and hence is not neutral in its representation of conflicting perspectives.

      Hope that helped

  123. Jaclyn
    July 1, 2011 at 3:49 pm

    I have chosen to do Fahrenheit 9/11 as one of my related texts. However, i am confused about what idea the conflicting perspective centres around. Moore holds GWB accountable, however would the text touch on the manipulation of media + politics? Or is Moore advocating freedom of speech by making his documentary. If you could help me with the perspective here that would be great! As i am trying to link it to a similar concern to a chapter of the Justice Games (i know we shouldnt focus on the issue in our essay though!)

  124. July 9, 2011 at 9:57 pm

    hey i have an assessment for mod c justice game.. do u have any suggestions for visual texts? maybe one that relates to trials of oz?

  125. John
    July 12, 2011 at 3:11 pm

    Hi TutorTales! Thankyou so much for all of the help you’ve given me and others!

    I’m doing “Snow Falling on Cedars” (SFoC)and I understand that I’m meant to be exploring the conflicting perspectives of both the situation in the novel and the conflicting perspectives involving the author.

    In “The Justice Game” and other non-fiction texts, when those authors address real world issues such as the death penalty with a strong bias to one side, the responder can analyse the techniques used that show the emphasis. However, the situation in SFoC was created by Guterson and I’m confused as to how we show another perspective, other than the author, of a situation created by the author… Further, the themes of “racism” and “prejudice” are not really debatable themes, i.e. there aren’t any texts that are “pro” racism.

    I would also like to ask if you have any recommended related texts for SFoC. I am currently considering using “Go Back to Where You Came From” the recent SBS reality documentary but am wondering if that text is sophisticated enough for a top band mark.

    Sorry for the long post!

    Thankyou in advance.

  126. Dev
    July 12, 2011 at 11:21 pm

    hey, thanks for all your posts. they r all really great
    but with the related i want to do a text that i will enjoy so ive put it down to
    American History X, GodFather 2 or Fight Club
    Which one do u think is good?

  127. Ellie
    July 17, 2011 at 5:58 pm

    Your explanations on conflicting perspectives are very helpful!
    I am doing Wag the Dog and am finding it hard to actually understand what we are ment to be looking for and what things in the movie portray conflicting perspectives. Would you be able to give me some examples?

  128. Schoolie
    July 22, 2011 at 7:01 pm

    hey TT, i need some help with module C- Julius Caesar. I went through your blog page, you have some really good advice. This is how I’m planning to set my paragraphs. When you say this:

    This is REALLY important to grasp. In this Module, you examine both:
    The content of the text – what the text says about conflicting perspectives.
    The construction of the text – how the text is a “perspective” in itself. and you also said ….as long as you are discussing them in terms of HOW those perspectives have been constructed by the representor.
    what do you mean? can you please explain a little more, like give me an example. I am writing about Caesar’s death (comparing Antony’s and Brutus’ speech). Is it right to say “Caesar’s assassination triggers different brutus’ subjective perspective……” or “In Julius Caesar, a subjective opinion in regards to Caesars assassination is clearly exemplified through Brutus’s speech after Caesar’s death”. I’m sooo confused! I don’t know how to start and this is due in 2 days 🙁 please reply ASAP

  129. sarah
    July 27, 2011 at 4:28 pm

    im having trouble with this module i don’t think im adressing the questions i’ve been practising properly, my focus is on how the composers manipulate the reader in seeing their idea of the truth, etc. their bias… im doing the justice game and fahrenheit 9/11 by michael moore, but i need another related material and i’m having trouble finding one, does anyone have any ideas ???

  130. John C
    August 6, 2011 at 11:44 am

    Hi TT,

    Just regarding the structure of the essay, you recommended:
    Idea 1 – para on prescribed, followed by para on 1st related
    Idea 2 – para on prescribed, followed by para on 2nd related

    If the question asks for one related specifically, would it be ok to expand on say the idea 1 related paragraph, and then talk only about the prescribed text for idea 2? Or would I need to write a another related text para for idea 2?

    Thank you!

  131. Lily
    August 8, 2011 at 6:20 pm

    Sorry if this sounds like a stupid question but I’ve asked my English teacher in school as well as my own English tutor about whether having a common aspect between my related texts and set text (Birthday Letters) is essential. For example, that they both show that hindsight affects and changes a perspective.

    My English teacher thinks it is a must but my English tutor told me I don’t have to have the same aspect of conflicting perspectives between my relateds and Hughes’ poems because it is not in the rubric and the rubric only says we have to compare and contrast the use of different textual form.

    So now I’m confused.

  132. Jammie swann
    August 10, 2011 at 1:36 pm

    I’m having problems with related texts for Justice game, i’m thinking about doing the film Evelyn but dont really know how to link it to any of the prescibed texts in Justice game which are: Michael X, Diana in the dicks, Oz trials, Romans in britain, Prisoner of Venda and Show trails

  133. Mike
    August 11, 2011 at 9:40 pm

    I’m having some trouble finding related material for Julius Caesar. I’ve already got an artwork, so i’ve been trying for either a short story or a poem, or a short film…
    Do you have any particular composers in mind who deal with perspectives and representation in their work? Any tips greatly appreciated
    Thanks 🙂

  134. Navin Ralhan
    August 19, 2011 at 3:48 pm

    You mentioned that you shouldn’t structure your essay by situation,event or personality, instead focusing on certain ideas.
    Can you tell me some ideas on conflicting perspectives??
    Presently I’m focusing on the public and private personality of Caesar and the conflicting perspectives that arise during the event of Marc Antony’s oration?
    Are these considered appropriate ideas??
    I understand the perspectives that arise based on this situation and this personality need to convey meaning, purpose and evoke a response. But still I don’t get what ideas are and how i could create a possible link between this personality and this event to the idea.
    The essay i wrote in my trial i used this event and personality as my two main essay paragraphs and then 2 paragraphs on my related text. I did make reference to how there are represented and their purpose but didn’t base it on ideas.
    I hope i did well, but i cant say. =P
    Your help is greatly appreciated

  135. Howard
    September 8, 2011 at 10:26 am

    Can I ask a quick quesiton?
    What is the nature of conflicting perspectives?

  136. Samantha
    October 6, 2011 at 11:45 am

    Hey there, I just have a question referring to my related texts for Julius Caesar. My teacher has suggested some, but i personally found them quite difficult to understand. For an assessment task we had to find our own related material which i found much easier to understand. My related material was the film snow falling on cedars, NOT the novel and a speech by Franklin Roosevelt concerning the pearl harbour attack. I’m aware that snow falling on cedars is a prescribed text, but i was wondering if it was okay if i did the film? will it be frowned upon? i would be talking about cinematic techniques and stuff like that

  137. mon
    October 7, 2011 at 2:46 pm

    according to our teacher, a film is fine… but dont just say what the techniques are… explain what their effect is on the audience and development of the moral/ story….

  138. Bree
    October 15, 2011 at 3:33 pm

    Hey guys! firstly, tutor tales, thankyou for this info! secondly, for anyone who needs a related text for this exam on wednesday, have a quick google of the “21 reasons why gender matters” report from the GMO organisation. you download it as a document. it’s an absolute CLASSIC to read and the way they represent situations/personalities is just crazy …. but very good to use as a text! bree

  139. Lucina
    January 6, 2012 at 2:05 pm

    I have a question, can you answer Navin Ralhan’s question.. ? Because I have exactly the same question.. :S

  140. Lucina
    January 6, 2012 at 10:20 pm

    Lol silly me never mind.. Found the answer above

  141. Lauren
    March 14, 2012 at 7:01 pm

    Hey! any ideas on Conflictive perspective related texts? my prescribed text is julius caesar!

  142. Mary
    April 18, 2012 at 1:57 pm

    Hi – I’ve got a few questions

    Firstly, do our related texts need to illustrate only one perspective or a variety?
    If not, do our related texts need to demonstrate differing perspectives on the same personality, event, situation etc?
    Also, any ideas for related texts if my prescribed text is Julius Caesar?


  143. May 13, 2012 at 11:02 am

    Hi Tutor Tales!

    Thanks for the amazing material that you’ve provided, it’s helped me a lot.
    ut I’ve been confused and stuck on this issue for a LONG LONG time: If the question say asks, somewhere along the lines of: “motivations influence responses”, how can you talk about personalities?(Julius Caesar is prescribed).
    How can you talk about conflicting perspectives regarding a personality AND bring in the question?


  144. Laura Beattie
    May 26, 2012 at 3:04 pm

    Hi I am studying Julius Caesar in module C (conflicting perspectives). I was wondering if you had any suggestions for related texts that I can do with it. It has to be a visual text as we are studying Julius Caesar the play.
    Thank you

  145. de
    October 6, 2012 at 11:53 pm

    Thank you for all this!
    In terms of related texts, I went into the trial exams with 2 and was only asked for 1 related piece (not “at least ONE” but “ONE related text”- Most past papers i’ve looked at only ask for one too- would it be unsafe going in with only one? I’m using an article at the moment, but i noticed you mentioned “Hoodwinked”- could you please expand a little on how this would relate to CP and how to approach it? My second question is quite general but i’m really struggling with it: How are you meant to “examine the relationship between the perspective and the act of representation”? I just can’t grasp that! The exams start in 9 days and i’m stressing but this has been so helpful!
    Thank you again!

  146. Irene
    October 10, 2012 at 11:32 pm

    Hi, I was just wondering if they could only ask 2 types of questions for this module: What the text says about conflicting perspectives, and how the text is a perspective in itself (textual form,medium of production , etc etc)

  147. Tayla
    October 17, 2012 at 11:53 am

    Hi TT, this was extremely helpful in my understanding of conflicting perspectives so thank you very much!!

  148. Georgie
    June 24, 2013 at 11:50 am

    Could the film Amour 2012 be on conflicting perspective as the director shows his perspective on the finality of death (very dark film – so shows the reality of death) and the daughter/ dad show conflicting perspective n how to care for her mother

  149. Marianne
    November 4, 2013 at 8:35 pm

    as we need to talk about the ‘specific elements’ of the textual form
    wondering if you could explain what these elements would be for say an article published in ‘the monthly’ for e.g.

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